300 fifth avenue pittsburgh pa 15222

The Haters Guide to the 2023 NCAA Basketball Championship

2023.04.02 07:14 alex9834 The Haters Guide to the 2023 NCAA Basketball Championship

This tournament sure was...something. In the 14 years that I have followed the NCAA Tournament I have never seen it get this crazy before. This was a complete 180 from last year's Tournament, where we only had Blue Bloods in the Final Four, and a blue blood champion. This year, it is not the case. We have CHAOS.
Now, let us take a look at the failures, and boy do I have a few words for some teams here...
Arizona Wildcats - For the third year in a row, we have a 15 over 2 upset in the opening round. And Arizona was offered up as this year's sacrifice. To be fair, this isn't as big of an upset compared to other 15-over-2 upsets. Believe it or not, I actually saw this coming. The moment Princeton was announced as the opponent, I knew Arizona was gonna go down early. The Tigers just outplayed them and held strong throughout the entire game. Just like in 1996, when they upset defending national champion UCLA in the first round, the Tigers' next upset would unsurprisingly come against a Pac-12 team. Man, 15-over-2 upsets are becoming a staple in March Madness now...future 2 seeds better watch out...
Virginia Cavaliers - This was yet another upset most saw coming, but my god...I'm still stunned by this. Virginia was even leading for most of the game, but then they just imploded near the end. That turnover...what the hell was that?
I swear, Virginia must have sold it's soul for a National Title back in 2019...
Iowa State Cyclones - I swear, the Cyclones are like destined to bow out early in the tournament. It's as if its required by law for them to fall early no matter how high expectations are for them. It wasn't even a contest, the Panthers just straight up slaughtered them. Iowa State is one of the next contestants for my next Legacy of Failure script. But only IF they meet certain conditions...
At least the Cyclones lost to an 11 seed, and 11 seeds at least have moderate success in the tournament.
At least they're not these sorry sacks:
Purdue's Boiler Explosion - What the fuck. What. The fuck. WHAT. THE. FUCK. WAS. THAT. Don't get me wrong, I knew you weren't going to make the Final Four this year. I knew you were going to choke. But as a #1 SEED IN THE FIRST ROUND?! When you were favored by TWENTY FOUR TO WIN?!! Do you realize what you have just done?! This is quite possibly the greatest failure in the history of college sports! This was your ALL-IN year, and you fall to a double digit seed for the third year in a row? Absolutely unacceptable. Matt Painter is on a SEARING hot seat now.
One word, Purdue: NUKE. Blow it up. You aren't winning with Painter. You aren't winning with this coaching staff. You aren't winning this core, and you aren't winning with these mentally fragile players who can't handle a shred of adversity.
Tick, tick, Painter and Lusk. It's time for a house cleaning in West Lafayette. Fucking Purdue... YOU BLEW IT!!!
Memphis Tigers - Penny Hardaway is getting Memphis on the right track. They won the AAC Tournament title over Houston, securing their second straight appearance in the Big Dance. But unfortunately, the Cinderella bug hit them, and it came in the form of Florida Atlantic, who won their first tournament game in school history. Memphis is still an interesting team nonetheless, and I'm eager to see how far Hardaway can take this team in the future.
Iowa Hawkeyes - Congratulations! Your team STILL can't make it past the first weekend of the tournament! This time you get rekt by Auburn. Fran McCaffrey continues to show that he cannot survive come March Madness despite his regular season successes. Iowa, if I were you I would find a new coach already. Fran is not the man.
Texas A&M Aggies - The Aggies had a solid regular season. They came close to winning the SEC Tournament title but got decimated by Alabama. Is this football or basketball I'm covering here? I'm confused. Anyway, it really seemed as if the Aggies had it in them to go on a reasonable run as they were a 7 seed, but then they went to Des Moines and got blown the fuck out by a team that hadn't won a tournament game in 22 years. The failure is always bigger in Texas...
USC Trojans - Despite losing the other Mobley brother to the draft last offseason, the Trojans still snuck their way into the Big Dance yet again. Unfortunately, Tom Izzo's Spartans killed any hopes they had of a deep run. The Trojans failed to conquer Sparta, and it's time for me to break out this scene from 300 again...
Providence Friars - After making the Sweet 16 last year, the Friars had another good team this season and were ranked for most of the latter half of the season. But unfortunately, Kentucky remembered last year's upset at the hands of Saint Peter's and decided to kill any hopes the Friars had of a deep run.
Baylor Bears - Once again, Baylor fails to make it past the second round. Despite maintaining most of the 2021 National Championship roster the Bears still cannot find it in themselves to get past the first weekend again. It wasn't even a contest, Creighton flat out controlled the tempo for the entire game. 2021 had better not have been a fluke for your guys...
Fairleigh Dickinson Knights - Congrats, FDU! You became the 2nd #16 seed to beat a #1! Your consolation prize is blowing a late lead to Florida Atlantic in round two. Eh, who cares. You still pulled off the upset. The fact that this only happened 5 years after UMBC's stunning upset over Virginia is the most shocking fact about this too. Now, no #1 seed is safe. We are entering a period in the tournament where even the lowest seeds are now potential contenders. It'll be interesting to see how 2024's tournament goes...
Saint Mary's Gaels - Ah, it's that other WCC team. Congrats on winning another tournament game! Your prize is to get absolutely slaughtered by UConn. Great...
Penn State Nittany Lions - Congrats, Penn State! You won your first tournament game in 22 years! Even though you took the Longhorns to the limit, a big run just wasn't in the cards for you this year. Can we grant another tournament win to Penn State and put them in the Sweet 16 instead of Texas? They deserve it a lot more than Purdue...
Pittsburgh Panthers - Congrats, Pitt! You returned to the NCAA Tournament for the first time in 7 years! You even won a tournament game too! Though all good things must come to an end, and you get upended by Xavier.
Indiana Hoosiers - What in the literal fuck was that supposed to be? Weren't you supposed to make a big run this year? This was the best team you've had in almost a decade and you just decided to crumble like that?! Sure, Miami was playing the game of their lives but it still shouldn't have been a 16-point blowout. Well, could be worse I guess. You could be Purdue...
Kentucky Wildcats - Let's start with the good news first: You were not upset in the first round this time. Instead you get eliminated by your old friends from K-State yet again. Which is good because we don't have to deal with more arrogance from the Kentucky fanbase this time. Nobody likes Kentucky anyway, so there was much rejoicing.
Duke Blue Devils - Even with Coach K no longer in the College Basketball world, the Blue Devils still manage to appear in the NCAA Tournament as a reasonably high seed. They managed to end Oral Roberts' foolish ambitions in the first round (I really wanted to make more sex jokes from that...), but then got absolutely BTFOd by Tennessee in the next round. The Evil Empire has been stopped yet again. But they'll be back here again. The Blue Devils never stay down for long...
Marquette Golden Eagles - HOW MANY TIMES DO WE HAVE TO TEACH YOU THIS LESSON, OLD MAN?! Once again, Shaka Smart cannot make it past the first weekend of the tournament. Tom Izzo's Spartans put him in his place yet again. For fuck's sake, it's been a DECADE since Smart's coaching schemes got exposed by John Beilein in 2013. And he still has not gotten the message. Did I ever tell you what the definition of insanity is, Mr. Smart?
Auburn Tigers - Thanks for allowing us to laugh at Iowa again, Auburn. Now enjoy getting slaughtered by Houston in the next round.
Kansas Jayhawks - For the second year in a row, the defending national champion falls in the second round. Kansas appeared as if they would have this game in the bag, as they led by as much as 10 throughout the game. But then the team just imploded. The Razorbacks fought their way back and managed to eke out the win in the final seconds. Cherish that championship, Kansas. It may be the only one you win for a while.
TCU Horned Frogs - It seems like TCU sports are on the rise as of late. Their football team made the College Football Playoff, and their basketball team entered the tournament as a #6 seed! They even won another tournament game! But unfortunately they failed to make us laugh at Gonzaga again, as the Bulldogs narrowly escaped with the win.
Northwestern Wildcats - Welcome back to the tournament again, Northwestern! Even though this is only your second NCAA tournament appearance, you managed to win another tournament game! But a deep run just wasn't in the cards for you this time. Even after giving UCLA all they could handle, it just wasn't enough. I hope the Wildcats are able to make it back here again someday. Chris Collins seems to have something good going at Evanston. Let's see how things go the next few years.
Missouri Tigers - Congrats, Missouri! You won your first tournament game in 13 years! Your reward is to get absolutely blown the fuck out by another set of Tigers...who were seeded 15th. Come on now. Sure, Princeton was playing the game of their lives, but it still shouldn't have been a 15-point blowout. You're one of the contestants for a future Legacy of Failure script, Missouri. Give me something to truly laugh at and it'll be icing on the cake.
Maryland Terrapins - I'm gonna save the Big Bill Hell's rant this time. The Terps seemed to put a decent fight in the first half, but the Crimson Tide decided that was far enough, and put them out of their misery.
Princeton Tigers - Congrats, Princeton! You returned to the Sweet 16 for the first time in 56 years, and are only the fourth 15 seed to reach the Sweet 16! Third one in a row to do so, in fact! But all good things must come to an end, and there was another team looking to end their own demons. Creighton returned to the Elite Eight for the first time since the year Pearl Harbor happened.
Alabama Crimson Tide - The third #1 seed to fall this tournament. The Tide controlled the tempo most of the game, but the Aztecs eventually took the lead and never looked back. Once again, Alabama's dream to be a champion in both football and basketball like Michigan did in 1989 has not come to fruition. Maybe next year?
Tennessee Volunteers - Tennessee manages to return to the Sweet 16. And that's as far as they go. It's time for them to be upset by an inferior team again, and this time it's Florida Atlantic. The only time it appeared as if the Vols controlled the game was in the first half. But then FAU decided they wanted to go further. They took the lead in the second half, even leading by as much as 10 points, but they didn't relinquish it, making their first ever Elite Eight.
Michigan State Spartans - Congratulations! Your team finally made it past the second round! But the Sweet 16 is as far as you go. And they screwed up big time. This was yet another game where MSU's opponent was doing their best to hand the game to them, but they once again couldn't capitalize on their mistakes. K-State was literally handing them the game on a silver platter. They blew multiple leads and were even pushed into overtime. They even let you stay in the game until the final seconds! But then you just had to fuck up and let Markquis Nowell dance on your ashes, even letting him make NCAA history in the process.
Houston Cougars - What the hell was that, Houston? That has got to be arguably the worst performance by a 1 seed in the Sweet 16 in recent memory! This was the best team you've had since the days of Phi Slama Jama, and you go and do THAT?! Jesus Christ, you're pathetic. It wasn't even a contest, Miami barely even had to fucking try! Well, at least you're joining a real conference in the Big 12 next season. Hopefully the opponents from that conference can toughen you up and make you more formidable in next year's tournament.
Xavier Musketeers - Congrats, Xavier! You returned to the Sweet 16 for the first time in six years! Enjoy getting absolutely mauled by the Longhorns.
UCLA Bruins - Now this was a shock to see. This was the absolute inverse of 2006. The Bruins build up a big lead, only for Gonzaga to come back and build a big lead...only for the Bruins to storm right back and go up by 1. Maybe this is a repeat of 2006?
"Strawther for the lead...BULLSEYE!!!!"
And the Bulldogs have finally gotten their proper revenge for 2006, where they lost in the West region after blowing a big lead in the Sweet 16. Adam Morrison laughs, and the rest of the country breaths a sigh of relief as they don't have to see Los Angeles win another championship.
Arkansas Razorbacks - Great job, Arkansas! You managed to knock off the defending national champions! Your prize is to get absolutely steamrolled by UConn in the next round...by 23 points. Great...
Creighton Bluejays - Congrats, Creighton! You returned to the Elite Eight for the first time since WORLD WAR II!! And you're on the verge of becoming the first team from Nebraska to make the Final Four, beating out even the Cornhuskers! Imagine that! But it was not to be. The Bluejays built up a decent lead, and were on the verge of becoming the first #6 seed to make the Final Four since the Fab Five Michigan squad in 1992. But they couldn't hold it, as the Aztecs slowly crawled their way back. The Bluejays didn't really make any big mistakes, they didn't foul all that much, but at the end of the day it wasn't enough. They nearly sent the game into OT, but then...a last second foul call gave the Aztecs new life (Refball? You decide.). They would lose by a point. They were THAT close. But I honestly can't be mad at them. Still a successful season though. Hopefully next year you can get over the hump.
Kansas State Wildcats - I swear to god, K-State has to be the most unlucky team in NCAA Tournament history. This was their NINTH trip to the Elite Eight since their last Final Four berth in 1964 and they fell just short yet again. And like in 2010 and 2018, it was to a Cinderella team. First it was Butler. Then it was Sister Jean's henchmen from Loyola-Chicago. Now, it was FAU. Despite having a strong roster, the Wildcats once again could not end their long Final Four drought. Folks like to talk about Purdue being unlucky, but I think the real bridesmaid here is K-State. Just absolutely brutal. Which is why they're a candidate for my next Legacy of Failure script.
Texas Longhorns - This was very much a Days of our Steelers season for Longhorns basketball. Head coach Chris Beard was axed following an incident where he beat his wife (FUCKING IDIOT), and assistant Rodney Terry had to step in and clean up the mess. Thankfully, it was a good hire. Terry helped guide the Longhorns to their best season in ages, as they returned to the Elite Eight for the first time in 15 years. It appeared as if they were on the verge of returning to the Final Four for the first time in two decades! But then, the team straight up SHAT THE BED. Texas could not get anything going at all near the end of the game, as the Hurricanes came back from 13 points down to make their first Final Four. YOU BLEW IT!!!
Though lets be honest here, the refs were absolute dogshit. Calling blatant offensive fouls as fouls on the player guarding, are you fucking kidding me? Still, the Longhorns did screw up and blow that lead. Blame the refs all you want, but you want to know what would have helped? Not blowing a 13 point lead late in the second half. But at least Rodney Terry has shown that he can coach. Hopefully he can lead this Texas team to new heights in the future.
Gonzaga Bulldogs - pukes uncontrollably Fucking hell, are you kidding me? What the hell were you doing all game long? This was your ALL-IN year. You were the top scoring team in the country. You had the best player in the nation in Drew Timme! And you got absolutely beaten to a pulp by the team that beat you in your first Elite Eight appearance 24 years ago. Sure, UConn was playing the game of their lives, but it still shouldn't have been a near-30 point slaughter. You managed to unleash the Pandora's Box of Locusts known as UConn fans on the College Basketball world. Your Legacy of Failure continues. UConn is still getting the best of you after all these years, eh?
Florida Atlantic Owls - Oh my god, it's going to happen! The Owls are about to make history! They're up by 14! Sure the Aztecs cut that lead down to 1 in the final seconds, not to mention the refs are absolute shit, but the Owls are about to make history and become the first 9 seed to make the National Championship! Let's hear it for FAU!
"They don't have their scorers on the floor...it's Butler, with 2 seconds, he's gotta put it up and...-buzzer sounds- HE WINS IT!!! HE WINS IT WITH THE JUMPER!!! A San Diego State Miracle!"
OH MY MERCIFUL GOD!!! Well, this sucks. But it was still a successful season nonetheless. The third 9 seed to ever make the Final Four, and it happened in your second NCAA tournament appearance! Well, you'll be joining a better conference in the AAC next year. Hopefully you can make another big run like this again someday.
Miami Hurricanes - Congrats, Miami! You made your first Final Four in school history! And then the fun stops. UConn comes in to spoil the day. I would rip on Miami here, but nothing went right for them at all this game. Nothing. Missing 14 layups in the second half? Christ, that's brutal. Even though Jim Larrañaga tried his best to get Miami's stars on the right track, they were no match for the Huskies. Whenever Miami tried to strike back, UConn said 'Nope!' and put the Hurricanes on lockdown for the rest of the game. Nonetheless, this was a good run for Miami this year. You'll be back here eventually.
Whew, that was a crazy tournament. Now we're finally down to only two. And only one of these teams will be walking away with a championship.
Let's bring out contestant number one...
Connecticut Huskies
The Huskies have returned to the National Championship for the fifth time in school history, and for the first time in almost a decade. The last time they were here, the Final Four was held in the other major Texas metropolis of Dallas-Ft. Worth, and the Huskies became the first 7 seed in NCAA Tournament history to win a National Championship. Now, they are here for more.
The face of this revived UConn squad has been Jordan Hawkins, a sophomore from Maryland who has been this team's leading scorer in their past two matchups against Arkansas and Gonzaga, and it has been a long road for him. During the season opener he suffered his second concussion in his playing career and had to sit out the first two games, but he has thankfully made a full recovery and is playing better than ever. Joining him has been African sensation Adama Sanogo, a two-time first-team All-Big East award winner. He and Hawkins have been the bread and butter of this UConn squad, as both have been leading the team in scoring in a majority of games this season. Sanogo has also been this team's rebounding machine, as he has led the team in rebounds in all four of their tournament games so far. Rounding out UConn's Big 3 has been Andre Jackson Jr., who has been the Assists leader for this team in 18 games including the NCAA Tournament.
UConn has been the hottest team in this tournament thus far, as they've won each of their first four games by at least 10 points or more. Iona? 14-point win. #5 St. Mary's? 15 point win. #8 Arkansas, who just took down the defending national champs? 23 point win. #3 seed Gonzaga, who had three-time consensus All-American Drew Timme? Doesn't matter to them, they won by 28. #5 Miami? Even though the Hurricanes tried to put up a fight, they were beaten by 13. This Huskies team is absolutely unstoppable. The last two teams who won their first five tournament games by double digits both went on to win the national title - North Carolina in 2009, and Villanova in 2018. And it looks like history is about to repeat itself. UConn is hungry for it's fifth national title.
This #4 seed is playing like a #1 seed, and they are for sure the favorite to win it all. Just like every other time UConn has a solid team in the tournament, it's National Championship or bust.
Prepare for their wrath.
But not if their opponents have anything to say about it...
San Diego State Aztecs
The Aztecs have made it to the National Championship game. Exactly as everyone predicted at the start of the tournament. What this team reminds me of is the drug addict that has had numerous chances to get his shit together but constantly relapsed every time. And it's only through a reflection and a last second intervention that he starts to get clean.
For a while it felt as if San Diego State would never make it here. Former Michigan head coach Steve Fisher and his longtime assistant Brian Dutcher spent YEARS building this team into a contender. And the Aztecs have put up many elite teams over the years, but could only go as far as the Sweet 16 at best.
2011 seemed to be their year. They fell to UConn. In 2014, they were a 4 seed. They fell to Arizona. And after a series of first and second round eliminations, they finally got over the hump and made it to the promised land, though just BARELY.
This run has been far from easy for the Aztecs. They escaped by 7 points against Charleston in the first round. In the second they destroyed Furman, who just upset Virginia. Then came the Sweet 16, their opponent was the overall #1 seed in Alabama. It looked like another early exit for the Aztecs again. But then, a miracle happened. They rallied from 9 points down in the second half against Alabama to take the lead for good and make their first ever Elite Eight. And in their first Elite Eight, Creighton pushed them to the limit. However, they managed to overcome another deficit and escape by the skin of their teeth in the last second (Refball? You decide.). Same case in their first ever Final Four. They trailed by fourteen against Florida Atlantic, and it felt as if that was it. But then, the Aztecs pulled off another miracle to win by 1. That miracle's name? Lamont Butler. This team is the Energizer Bunny of the tournament. They will not die no matter how much stress you put on them.
SDSU's sudden appearance in the National Championship feels less like a "Glad you made it here!" and more of a "FINALLY!!". Considering all of the elite talent and top-tier coaching they've possessed over the years, it's still surprising that it took them this long to get here. But hey, better late than never.
Fuck you, Spanos!
The face of this San Diego State team has been Matt Bradley, a two-time First-team All-Mountain West selection. Alongside him is Ghanaian sensation Nathan Mensah, who is known for his immense wingspan of 7'4 ft, and has led this team in rebounds in two of their four wins this tournament. Other standouts on this Aztecs team include Jaedon LeDee, Micah Parrish, Darion Trammell, and Lamont Butler, who has led the team in Assists this tournament.
Brian Dutcher has built a winner this tournament, but we all know what his ultimate goal is - a National Championship. Though it wouldn't be his first. His first title came with the 1989 Michigan team led by Glen Rice and Rumeal Robinson, where he was an assistant under Coach Fisher. Now he's looking to win one as a head coach.
The Aztecs seek to become the first team from California to win a national title in basketball since 1995. That year, UCLA won their 11th National Title in school history by knocking off the "40 Minutes of Hell" Arkansas squad, a rather formidable opponent on par with this UConn team. And no team from California has done it since.
Will San Diego State be the team to break that drought, and become the fourth team from the Golden State to win a National Title? Will they become the first non-power five conference team to win a National Title since UNLV did it in 1990?
Will the Aztecs become the first team from San Diego to win a championship in either the pros or college, and break the San Diego sports curse?
And so, here it is. The Big East Empire of Doom, versus the Mountain West's only hope!
Time for battle.
Unfortunately, there will be no miracles this time. I think UConn has this one in the bag. They've been destroying their opponents with ease, like North Carolina and Villanova before them. No matter what you throw at them, they'll just push it aside like a cardboard box. Their 28-point win over a stacked Gonzaga team is proof of this. They always seem to have an answer for whatever their opponents throw at them, and therefore the choice is easy.
UConn will steamroll the Aztecs by at least 10 points and cruise to a 5th National Championship, tying with both Duke and Indiana for the fourth most championships.
Have a nice day.
submitted by alex9834 to UrinatingTree [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 20:28 anxious_onion School list help please (stats and app breakdown provided)

  1. cGPA and sGPA as calculated by AMCAS or AACOMAS: 3.784 cGPA, 3.730 sGPA
  2. MCAT score(s) and breakdown: Second attempt - 514 (128/126/128/132), First attempt - 503 (126/127/124/126)
  3. State of residence or country of citizenship (if non-US): PA
  4. Ethnicity and/or race: Asian; from a small country in Asia; immigrated to the US at age 9
  5. Undergraduate institution or category: University of Pittsburgh
  6. Clinical experience (volunteer and non-volunteer): 350 hours working as a medical assistant; 70 hours volunteering in the hospital
  7. Research experience and productivity: 650 hours in a clinical lab in undergrad with a mid-author pub in a decent journal (socioeconomic research in patients); 150 hours in a basic science lab in undergrad (animal research); 600 hours in another basic science lab in undergrad with a poster-presentation at my uni (animal research); 2100 hours in a clinical lab in my gap year and 2100 more anticipated during gap year #2 so 4200 total with 2 oral presentations, 1 poster, and 1 mid-author pub in a great journal (patient research)
  8. Shadowing experience and specialties represented: 50 hours of shadowing family med, psychiatry, cardiology, dermatology, and otolaryngology (35 complete and 15 more anticipated)
  9. Non-clinical volunteering: 1000 hours of covid relief to marginalized communities
  10. Other extracurricular activities (including athletics, military service, gap year activities, leadership, teaching, etc): Undergrad teaching assistant for bio (120 hours) and for organic chem (120 hours); resident assistant for 1 year (300 hours); started a prehealth club at my uni (300 hours)
  11. Relevant honors or awards: summa cum laude (GPA of 3.75 or above), departmental honors, a team award for research, and a travel grant for an oral presentation, dean's list as a sophomore - senior
  12. Anything else not listed you think might be important: refugee background; did random job after HS (not sure whether to include in application); hobbies include photo/videography singing, creative writing; got my emt certification before I did the MA job; LORs should be pretty good (from gap year physician supervisor, 2 science profs; 1 extracurricular supervisor; looking to get 1 from non science prof too); DREAM SCHOOL IS MY ALMA MATER***
School List (please help):
Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Bronx, NY)
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine (Cleveland, OH)
Drexel University College of Medicine (Philadelphia, PA)
Duke University School of Medicine (Durham, NC)
Emory University School of Medicine (Atlanta, GA)
Geisinger Commonwealth Medical College (Scranton, PA)
George Washington University School of Medicine (Washington, D.C.)
Georgetown University School of Medicine (Washington, D.C.)
Hacksensack Meridian School of Medicine (Nutley, NJ)
Hofstra University Zucker School of Medicine (Hempstead, NY)
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (New York, NY)
Indiana University School of Medicine (Indianapolis, IN)
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine (Chicago, IL)
Ohio State University School of Medicine (Columbus, OH)
Penn State University College of Medicine (Hummelstown, PA)
Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School (New Brunswick, NJ)
Stanford School of Medicine (Stanford, CA)
Temple University Lewis Katz School of Medicine (Philadelphia, PA)
Thomas Jefferson University Sidney Kimmel Medical College (Philadelphia, PA)
UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine (Los Angeles, CA)
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine (Cincinnati, OH)
University of Michigan Medical School (Ann Arbor, MI)
University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine (Philadelphia, PA)
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine (Pittsburgh, PA)
University of Toledo College of Medicine (Toledo, OH)
University of Virginia School of Medicine (Charlottesville, VA)
USC Keck School of Medicine (Los Angeles, CA)
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine (Richmond, VA)
Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine (Roanoke, VA)
Wake Forest University School of Medicine (Winston-Salem, NC)
West Virginia University School of Medicine (Morgantown, WV)
Western Michigan Homer Stryker School of Medicine (Kalamazoo, MI)
Wright State Boonshoft School of Medicine (Dayton, OH)
submitted by anxious_onion to u/anxious_onion [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 17:30 hallach_halil Halil's top 10 offensive tackles of the 2023 NFL Draft:

Halil's top 10 offensive tackles of the 2023 NFL Draft:


We’ve arrived at the big-boy portion of our positional draft rankings! After already breaking down the best running backs, linebackers, wide receivers and cornerbacks of this class, we will spend these next two weeks talking about the guys inside the trenches both inside and out for offense and defense – and we are starting with the offensive tackle position!
I believe there are four small-dunk first-round players among this group, who can all be week-one starters, with varying degrees of technical advancement compared to physical upside. After that, there are five names, who I’d have no problem with all going inside the top-75, including a couple of athletic specimen, who aren’t close to the potential of players they can become one day. At number ten, there’s one more highly talented prospect, who may actually go earlier than a few names I have listed above him, based on the ceiling he presents. After that, you’re looking at more so serviceable players, who will largely be backups, along with a couple of underdeveloped kids you may want to take a flyer on day three, if you have the edges of your O-line secured for now.
Just to clarify – North Dakota State’s Cody Mauch will see his name listed among the interior offensive line.
Here’s how I have this group stacked up:


1. Paris Johnson, Ohio State

6’6”, 315-pounds; RS SO

The top-rated offensive tackle in the 2020 class, Johnson saw the field for just 22 snaps as a true freshman, before taking over as the full-time starter at right guard in ’21 and earning second-team All-Big Ten honors (13 games). Last year he improved to consensus first-team and second-team All-American this past year, when he moved out to left tackle. His steady presence on C.J. Stroud’s blindside enabled the Buckeyes to finish first (45.7) and second (44.2) respectively in points per game in FBS these past two seasons.

+ The grip strength, demeanor and leg-drive are all there in the run game and he really works up through contact to create that momentum
+ Out at tackle, he can really widen that edge and cover up guys responsible for contain, routinely allowing backs to stretch out and get out to the corner or cut underneath, At guard, you saw him come in from the side on nose-tackles to push them over into the opposite A-gap, so that guy can’t two-gap
+ Shows the hip mobility to reach-block three-techniques, as well as come off combos late and get a piece of the linebacker, while having some extra room for error if his angles up to the second level aren’t perfect
+ With the way he covers ground on zone concepts, Johnson can execute fold-blocks and make the job easier for the guard inside of him, to just seal the down-lineman
+ Swiftly establishes the inside foot and gets his base turned, in order to force edge defenders to have to go through him on the backside of gap schemes
+ Gets after second-level defenders with tremendous urgency and you actually see him seal off true MIKEs straight over the center at times
+ His dexterity to twist defenders and get his lower body turned simultaneously to open up lanes is highly impressive, You saw that when LBs try to blitz the play-side gap and he pins them away from it, to present a wide hole (B-gap at guard)
+ Displays good awareness for defenses walking down a linebacker late outside him and how that changes responsibilities on run schemes
+ Clearly has that mobility to play in space, with impressive success getting his hands on corners and safeties in the screen game

+ Johnson features a well-coordinated, patient kick-slide and uses his wingspan well to not present a free B-gap
+ Arms for days at just over 36 inches and edge rushers have to take wider angles consistently, while being able to stab with the inside arm at the near-shoulder to actively elongate those
+ With those long branches and strong upper body to control rushers even if his elbows are outside his frame
+ Smooth lateral mover, to stay in front of inside counters and help out on the interior in a hurry, if his man drops out
+ It also enables him to slide in front of interior linemen in the play-action game and full-line slides before they can even get that first step down regularly
+ When defenders sell out for the bull-rush and create movement, Johnson can increase his step frequency and knee bend to re-anchor effectively
+ No problem at all flipping and riding aggressive upfield rushers towards his own end-zone
+ Shows the ability to recover and still ride loopers off track, as he has to transition on delayed T-E twists
+ Playing at guard, you saw Johnson actively looking for work if he doesn’t have a direct assignment, delivering some significant chips from the side, And that transitioned along with moving out to tackle, where week one against Notre Dame, the next-closest rusher ended up being in the A-gap and he still made sure that guy hit the ground
+ Did allow two sacks last year, but only one other QB hit across 910 pass-blocking snaps since the start of 2021 (26 non-sack pressures)

– His base can get a little narrow as he churns his legs in the run game and it may lead to him landing on the turf more regularly against pros
– Tends to stop his feet when he throws his hands and heavily relies on the two-handed punch – he will need to adapt more independent hand usage
– His hands overall are pretty high and wide, particularly picking up loopers and blitzers
– There’s room to still get stronger, when it comes to swallowing initial power and snatch guys late, not allowing them to escape as plays are being extended
– Can overstride at times selling play-action and allow his D-end to slip inside of him

Based on his height and general skill-set, Johnson was a miscast at right guard as a redshirt freshman in 2021, but did show he can excel in the run game right away. Once he moved to his designated position at left tackle this past season, the pass-blocking skills were able to shine as well. He’s one of the smoothest athletes you will find for the position, yet has the strength in his hands to take control in both facets of the game. Where I do believe he needs to improve is not using two-handed punches regularly and his base to anchor against power leaves things to be desired at this point. Considering what an easy mover he is and the length he possesses to counter-act that, those should be fixable areas though. I do believe he’s best suited for a zone-based rushing attack, where his mobility and leg-drive can really shine, rather than just blowing defenders off the ball vertically, but there’s upside to utilize him even more as a puller across the formation or out towards the perimeter. I don’t see Johnson making it out of the top-15.


2. Broderick Jones, Georgia

6’5″, 315 pounds; JR

Right outside the top-10 overall recruits in 2020, Jones only started four games over his first two seasons (all at left tackle in 2021). He ook over on the blindside this past season and was absolutely dominant, paving the way for a Georgia offense that averaged 500 yards and 41.1 points per game (fifth nationally), which made it all the way to an undefeated championship season (their second straight title). Jones himself was named first-team All-SEC.

+ Jones has good girth in all the right areas, without any excess weight in the mid-section
+ Imposing road-grader in the run game, Gets after people whether the score is 0-0 or his team is up by 50
+ This guy regularly tosses the edge defender on the front-side of zone runs out of the way and forces linebackers to fill the B-gap in a hurry
+ Can absolutely blow D-tackles off their landmarks when coming in on an angle on double-teams, particularly in short-yardage and goal-line situations
+ If he gets underneath the arm-pit of linemen, he can wash them down and create significant cutback opportunities, And he has the grip strength to twist defenders out of running lanes, even if he can’t block down on an angle
+ Understands when he has to add a gather-step against wider alignments, to not presents easy opportunities for edge defenders to jump inside of his blocks
+ On combo-blocks his eyes are usually up and he doesn’t struggle to work up to the backer with space, with the force in his hands to shove them to the ground
+ Regularly was utilized as a puller on GT power, where he’s light on his feet as he skips out of his stance but heavy at contact, and has the reactionary agility to adjust on the fly
+ This dude is scary to be in front of on screens and pulling out to the corner, where most defenders try to go low on him, to avoid getting thrown around

+ Even if his technique isn’t perfect yet, Jones presents the athletic lower half and strong upper body to ride edge rushers off track
+ If defenders go into the chest of him, they quickly realize there’s not much they can do anymore
+ You rarely see guys turn the corner when engaged with Jones, where they try to dip-and-rip, but he still guides them enough off track to not affect the QB
+ He packs a lot of strength in those hands, to widen their arc significantly or push them into the pile, if they try to quickly crash inside
+ Linebackers trying to get around Jones on delayed blitzes seem to have no clue how to actually approach this and are content with just standing there with his arms extended
+ When Jones’ guy slants away from him and he’s unoccupied, he delivers some devastating rib-shots on somebody tangled up with one of his teammates
+ Watching the 2022 season-opener 49-3 destruction of Oregon, the pass-pro reps for Jones was so clean throughout the day and he completely shut guys out trying to work against him
+ Wasn’t responsible for a single sack and just nine other pressures across 470 pass-blocking snaps this past season
+ Ran the best 40 time among all O-linemen in Indy this year at 4.97 and his movement during the on-field drills was well-coordinated

– His feet can get a little heavy late and defenders are able to work off his blocks, where you’d want more flexion in the lower rather than upper half, and that’s in part due to imperfect hand-placement
– Too often in 2022, you’d see Jones drop his eyes when initiating contact in both facets of the game, and defenders being able to pull him off
– Makes himself vulnerable to inside counters on a regularly basis, when he should keep his shoulders and hips squared, but instead opens up to the edge rusher, who doesn’t even have the angle to beat him around the corner
– When he did face a legit speed-rusher in LSU’s B.J. Ojulari, you saw him punch with the outside hand and had that left foot in the air as well, creating a soft shoulder to get past
– Has to do a better job of coming to balance at times when working up the field in the screen game, as guys have the ability to side-step him

This is still clearly an ascending tackle prospect, who won’t turn 22 years old until after the draft and only logged 19 career starts at the Bulldogs. However, his natural talent stood out right away and he was already one of the premiere players at his position in his first season as a full-time starters, despite facing a loaded slate of SEC edge defenders. Now, some of those guys were actually the ones who gave him trouble, because they could threaten the edges of his frame off the snap and were more technically advanced, but there’s no reason to believe he won’t be able to get to that level sooner rather than later, with the natural power he possesses and the awareness he showed as a young player already. I want to see him eliminate this nasty little habit of not keeping his chin up, but in terms of brute force in the run game and ability to snatch up pass-rushers, he has a chance to turn into the most complete guy of the bunch.


3. Peter Skoronski, Northwestern

6’4”, 300 pounds; JR

Slightly outside the top-100 overall recruits in 2020, Skoronski stepped in at left tackle as a true freshman and was named to the All-Freshman team, when Rashawn Slater decided to sit out the season due to COVID concerns. Then he improved to a first-team All-Big Ten performer in 2021, which he repeated this past season, along with being a unanimous first-team All-American. His grandfather Bob Skoronski was a starter and team captain for all five of Vince Lombardi’s championship teams.

+ The best compliment I can give Skoronski is that his tape can be almost boring at times, because every rep is clean and there’s not much to note
+ His aiming points and angles are excellent for such a young player
+ Operates from a wide base and with good leg-drive, while lifting up through contact with his elbows in tight
+ Does well to establish positioning with the inside foot sealing edge defenders on the backside of run concepts
+ Gets underneath the arm pit of D-tackles on angular blocks and rides them down the line
+ Brings plus grip strength and ability to twist bodies to expand running lanes, along with the dexterity to keep his hands latched as defenders try to slip or turn away from contact
+ Consistently works with square shoulders and stays tight to his teammate on vertical combos, to maximize force and not allow defenders to split those
+ Patient and under control working up to the second level, being able to get under the chest with great consistency
+ Also getting out to the corner on fly sweeps or those completely horizontal handoffs, he rarely overruns targets, just blindly hustling out there
+ Somehow people are inferring that Skoronski isn’t a great athlete, when he tested in the 70th percentile or better among all combine events other than the three-cone and his jumps were 96th and 97th percentile respectively

+ Already a very sound and comfortable pass-protector, who consistently is first off the ball, gets to his landmarks and doesn’t throw his technique out of the window
+ Shows an understanding for the depth of the pocket and how to manipulate rush angles, along with the easy lateral movement to mirror guys across multiple moves
+ Adjusts the length of his initial dependent on where combat will occur and is able beat wide-nine alignments to the spot
+ His hands are so consistent with landing inside the frame of rushers and controlling reps, because they typically stay attached throughout
+ Varies his approach and excels at using his arms in independent fashion, whether he’s trying to widen guys with the inside hand or wants to take charge off them on power rushes
+ Rarely does his weight shift too far to the outside foot and he’s ready to negate angles as guys are trying to slice through the inside shoulder
+ Extends his inside arm when deciphering through the pressure and is ready to redirect towards guys slanting to the B-gap if there’s no threat off the edge
+ His feel for shuffling along and how to pick up loopers with the two-handed strike, to guide their path is impressive for a young player
+ Allowed just two sacks on nearly 700 snaps as a true freshman and did the same in ’21 on over 800, along with 18 additional pressures, However he quietly just had his best season in that regard (one sack, two QB hits and three hurries)

– The big hold-up with Skoronski of course is only having 32 and ¼-inch arms, while I also believe he played below 310-pound mark
– You see edge rushers really create problems for him with long-arm maneuvers, where he can’t place his hands or has the kind of super-strong base to just swallow those
– It can also show up in the run ground where guys can just out-reach him and therefore pull him off when leaning into contact
– Doesn’t create a whole lot of knock-back at first contact with his strike generally and you rarely see him take linebackers for a ride, the way you’d like to
– While I love with how much control he plays, at times I’d appreciate a little more urgency to just negate space in the first instance rather than trying to establish position

At the risk of sounding like a cop-out, it’s pretty easy to find a comparison in terms of player profile for Skoronski, if we just go to the guy he replaced at Northwestern, in Rashawn Slater. I do believe the now-Pro Bowler was a greater athlete, particularly with some of the insane stuff he did in the weightroom, to balance out length concern. However, Skoronski is clearly the most technically advanced tackle in the 2023 class. The way he fits his hands and is able to transfer force from the ground up in the run game, along with reading rushers and using different combat-maneuvers to counter them, are tremendous. There’s not much to criticize on tape, but you just wonder how high his ceiling may be, due to always having a disadvantage in that one area. Ultimately, I believe a team will start him out at tackle and he will play it at a pretty high level, but he transitions inside a couple of years into his pro career. Having him down at number three almost feels wrong, but it only speaks to the strength of the top of this class, as Skoronski will be a top-15 overall prospect for me.


4. Darnell Wright, Tennessee

6’6”, 335 pounds; SR

The number two offensive tackle recruit in 2019 behind only Alabama standout and now-Giant Evan Neal, Wright started seven of eleven games as a true freshman (five at right tackle, two at right guard) and then nine of ten available for in year two (all at RT). In 2021 he started all 13 games at left tackle and helped the Tennessee offense score a team-record 511 points, before moving back to the right side this past season, when the Vols immediately broke that record (599) and Dwight was recognized individually as a first-team All-SEC performer.

+ When you look at this guy, everything you see screams “power” at you
+ Shows a natural ability to sink his hips and work up through contact, to create movement on angular blocks
+ You’re just not going to rock this guy’s pads backwards or squeeze him down on backside seal-blocks
+ Has the explosiveness out of his stance to work cross-/fold-blocks and skip pulls in the run game
+ For a man his size, the agility in short areas and flexibility in his lower half to reach-block edge defenders on fly sweeps is pretty impressive
+ Just engulfs smaller bodies stepping down or replacing edge defenders, when he comes across the line on kick-outs
+ Really strong with that inside arm, to extend and create that little bit of extra movement, while riding bodies on the interior into the trash when given the opportunity
+ Can create some significant momentum on B-gap defenders as the angular element to combo blocks by accelerating his feet through the target
+ Showcases the dexterity to keep his hands in place with the hips of the man he’s responsible for, as they’re trying to slice past, and he rides them off their landmarks
+ Doesn’t look uncomfortable getting out in space and has the natural power to put defenders on the ground by just getting a hand on them

+ His feet are quick enough to match legit speed off the edge and then sit down to not allow himself to be ridden into the quarterback’s space at the top of the arc
+ Shows good awareness for that platform of the guy padding the ball back there and when to flip with the rusher, to ride him past that point
+ His base is so strong, that even when rushers seem to set up speed-to-power well, Wright can stymie their charge and force them to look for different strategies
+ Can work in some independent hand usage to keep rushers in line with his frame, along with really snatching cloth and dropping his hips, in order to take control of reps
+ Displays impressive body-control, to quickly puts his outside foot back down and mirror inside moves, even by twitchy guys at nearly 100 pounds less
+ Once rushers get off balance, he can quickly put them on the ground and exploits of the opportunity to jump on top of them
+ Extremely battle-tested against a collection of impressive SEC edge rushers and more than held his own – Allowed just one hurry all day against Alabama in 2022, largely going up against a lock for the top-five in Will Anderson, who simply couldn’t work his typical speed-to-power against him
+ Didn’t give up a single sack and just eight total pressures across 507 pass-blocking snaps this past season

– Carries a little excess weight in the mid-section I’d say and he’s not quite up to par with the top-three guys in terms of foot quickness
– Doesn’t consistently play up to his size and brings the aggression to create displacement in the run game, while other times he gets his weight shifted too far out in front as he really goes for it (partially due to the type of offense the Volunteers ran)
– Gets too far over his skis at times and ends up stumbling forward when he can’t connect with his hands as D-linemen reduce their surface area
– While you like the mobility to get to the second level, he doesn’t break down and secure blocks consistently enough to take care of his assignments
– Regularly late off the snap and has a certain up-kick to his pass-sets, which didn’t become as much of a problems with less than a quarter of his work being labelled as “true pass-sets” by PFF (tons of RPOs, screens, etc.)

I’ve been a fan of Wright for a while now and he’s been ascending his draft stock throughout this process. He came in at a massive 342 pounds for Senior Bowl week, yet he showcased impressive movement skills, effortlessly mirroring a couple of spin moves, along with taking the fight to more power-based string, showcasing his strong upper half. Then he moved around extremely well during the on-field drills at the combine and you heard those bags pop when he landed his punches in pass-pro. This guy has 2746 career snaps with full years starting at both left and right tackle, put together an incredible track record against a murderous row of SEC edge defenders. So I have no doubt that he should and will go in the first round. I’d like to see him enforce his power on a more consistent basis and there’s a little bit of a tweak that he has to work on his kick-slide, but I don’t think there’s much of a gap between him and what is generally accepted as the “big three” at offensive tackle.


5. Dawand Jones, Ohio State

6’6”, 350 pounds; SR

Just outside the top-1000 overall recruits in 2019, Jones appeared in nine games as a true freshman and then in six of eight contests in the COVID-shortened following campaign, including his first start, In 2021, he started all 13 games and was a second-team All-Big Ten selection for the Buckeyes, which he repeated this past season, Then last year he was a second-team All-American, as a mainstay on that right edge

+ Massive upper half and can knock defenders off balance when he just lands those hands in the run game, And with the long arms he can deliver that last push to get the man further off track to create room late
+ I thought overall Jones’ urgency off the snap and willingness to impose himself physically was a lot better in 2022
+ You see him dish out some literal two-handed shoves to blow the front-side wide open
+ When he grabs the shoulder-plate and extends though, you see put guys flat on their backs at times, especially linebackers mugged up in the gap
+ If D-ends try to crash across him face on the backside of zone runs, he will wash them way down the line and optically show the ball-carrier to cut back behind him
+ Because of how massive he is, when he tries to reach-block guys on the edge, they often try to peak around and get off balance, to where he can ride them along and allow the back to stay behind his block
+ Yet, if he’s tasked with simply sealing the back-side, extending that outside arm in the chest of edge guys and bringing the opposite hip-around is very effective
+ When he arrives at the party, with no direct assignment, he can help move the significantly and allow the ball-carrier to hide behind that wall or push through it
+ Some of his tape is just hilarious to watch, when he puts guys on the ground seemingly without breaking a sweat

+ Offers a quick jump out of his stance to cut off the angle for edge rushers, has his hands ready at his mid-section and is patient with his punch
+ The way he snatches and traps guys when they do get closer to his body makes him basically negate guys completely
+ His insane 7’6” wingspan allows him to constantly put a hand on defenders before those guys could even get to his frame, and it gives him a ton of room for error in his technique
+ If guys try to loop wide around him and don’t actively try to find an angle, he’s fine sitting back and waiting there, but if he does go for it, those long arms can really stymie rushers in their approach
+ Even if the outside hand is swatted away, he can push guys further off track by still reaching them with the other arm
+ When he does overset and rushers create that lane to the quarterback seemingly going underneath, Jones is typically able to ride those guys across the QB’s face, to leave him unaffected
+ Buries guys underneath himself with regularity, if they shift their momentum too far out in front
+ After surrendering three sacks and eight other pressures in 2021, Jones didn’t even allow his quarterback to be hit once due to him last year and only hurried five times
+ PFF awarded him with their highest pass-blocking efficiency of any draft-eligible tackle at 99.4 last season

– You see Jones just throw his hands and not move his lower body at times, when he can’t get his body positioned accordingly throughout run plays
– Appears disoriented when his initial assignment is changed post-snap and he has to come up solutions on the fly in that regard
– The way he puts his hands on the face-mask of defenders and some of the pull-downs will be flagged more regularly at the pro level
– Short-setting guys and forcing them to go way around him, because of his size and length, was an effective strategy at the college level, but that won’t fly in the NFL
– At this point, Jones does get by with his massive frame and length along with natural strength, which won’t be as prevalent going against pro players, who will force him to get on their level technically

Jones only took part in the first practice at the Senior Bowl, but he just stood out from the moment he stepped on the field with his giganteous size and unheard of wingspan. Edge defenders quickly realized that they weren’t going to get through his chest, but the one rep that really stood out to me came during individual run-blocking, where he was supposed to reach-block his man but didn’t gain enough ground laterally with that first step, yet he was able to create so much torque on the far-shoulder of his man, that he ended up turning and pinning that guy inside anyway. That’s what you’re dealing with here – an absolute mountain of a man, whose strength and length give him a lot of room for error and when he puts it altogether, he can dominate people. Now, while he has definitely shown technical development, he does heavily rely on his natural gifts and will have to overhaul his pass-sets in order to actually cut off angles for more talented and crafty NFL rushers than he’s faced so far. However, he has things you can’t teach and the potential(!) to become a more athletic version of Orlando Brown down the road.


6. Anton Harrison, Oklahoma

6’4″, 310 pounds; JR

A four-star recruit in 2020, Harrison already logged over 1000 snaps at left tackle through his first two seasons with the Sooners. As a junior, he started all but on one of 12 regular season game on the blindside yet again (one at right tackle and opted out of the Cheez-It Bowl) and received more recognition on a national scale, when he was named a first-team All-Big 12 performer.

+ Presents an athletic frame with minimal excess weight and long arms (34 and ¼)
+ Can create some knock-back as he lands his hands inside the frame of defenders, shoving linebackers off track regularly
+ Last season I thought he was more assertive near the point of attack, to drive-block edge defenders or block down on three-techniques and get guys off their landmarks
+ You see him lift stand up D-tackles in order for fellow linemen wrap around behind him regularly
+ On the backside of wide zone runs, if linebackers try to shoot the B-gaps Harrison hits and rides them way down the line, to open up massive cutback lanes behind him
+ When guys try to dip underneath him or get around blocks, Harrison typically rides them towards his own end-zone to blow the front-side open
+ Has the quick burst to help secure the down-linemen on combo blocks and then deliver some force to open up a lane inside of them as somebody from the second level behind it steps down
+ Bends off the inside foot and uncoils force through defenders in the hole wrapping around on powecounter schemes
+ Frequently is able to face-plant defenders as he catches them off balance, with one foot off the ground, with the triceps strength to extend and push them down
+ Makes the job of his teammates a lot easier, when he’s passing off down-linemen on front-side combos by extending with the inside arm and allowing the guy next to him to bring his base and secure the block
+ Rarely overruns his targets in space and forces guys to work around him consistently, being able to put his hands on third-level defenders in the screen game
+ His 4.98 in the 40 was tied for the second-best mark among all offensive linemen at the combine

+ There’s good rhythm and a certain calmness in his kick-slide, with the light feet to guide edge defenders around the loop
+ Times up his strike as rushers try to throw their hands, frequently hitting them as they’re off balance and taking them to the ground every once in a while
+ His initial hand-placement may not be great always and he gets caught with his elbow out wide, but he does work to re-fit them and finds way to gain control
+ And he finds ways to maximize his length to out-reach his man
+ Can really snatch rushers as he grabs cloth of guys trying to work through him, without giving them a lane to escape
+ Plays under good control generally and doesn’t overreact to defensive movement, picking up games and mirroring guys with space to work
+ Smoothly transitions from the slanting linemen to the looper on E-T twists
+ Has some impressive recovery moments on tape, where rushers have him on skates and he’s somehow able to drop his anchor due to his high-level balance
+ Allowed just one sack and eight hurries (no QB hits) across 447 pass-blocking snaps in '22

– Can’t reduce his height very well and you can see them roll his weight over his shoulders at times trying to establish contact with smaller linebackers
– Doesn’t set the tone in the run game like you’d want to see for that size, having to become more effective with his hand-placement and re-work the way he transitions force from the ground up
– You see some of that as well in the pass game, when his chest folds forward instead of working with sink in his hips and then he kind of tries to chase after guys up the arc, where if timed correctly can leave the inside lane to the QB completely free
– Carries his hands fairly low and comes in wide with the punch, to where guys who sell out on attacking his chest can take him for a ride a few times, as he doesn’t seem ready to land his hands – You see that at times when he’s not ready for somebody coming his way on twists
– There’s a few reps, where he tries to ride edge rushers up the field, but he doesn’t maintain contact and that guy is able to slip underneath him

It’s never easy projecting tackles in particular going from offensive systems that relied heavily on a few run concepts, off which they build their RPO game and offer limited reps for pass-protectors to prove themselves. The areas of weakness in Harrison’s game right now are pretty clear – he struggles to bend at the knees and maximizing his power in the run game, while his hands and feet aren’t married regularly enough in pass-pro. On the Brightside, he does bring plenty of shock in his hands and well-coordinated movement to work to the second level, while being light on his feet to deal with speed off the edge and being able to clamp down on guys once he takes control of reps. There is a fairly steep learning curve in front of him, but he has all the physical tools and the mindset to become a plus starter on the blindside, which is why he regularly finds his name late in first-round mock drafts.


7. Matthew Bergeron, Syracuse

6’5”, 320 pounds; RS JR

Just inside the top-1000 overall recruits in 2019, Bergeron played in 12 and started five game as a true freshman. Other than missing two games this past season, he started all of the other 34 games, with all but three of those at left tackle. He earned honorable mention and then second-team All-ACC accolades most recently, whilst being a team captain in 2022.

+ Nice girth throughout his frame and effectively rolls his hips through contact to create movement in the run game
+ Even with sub-optimal hand-placement, he can widen the edge pretty consistently on the front-side of zone concepts
+ Shows a strong grip with the inside hand, which doesn’t allow edge defenders to back-door or slip his blocks typically
+ When having to block down on three-techniques who aggressively try to get through his gap, Bergerson does well to get his hand on the defenders’ hip and use that momentum against that guy
+ Does well to on hinge-blocks and just get the job done when tasked with sealing guys on the backside of concepts
+ In formations with a tight-end next to him, where the C-gap was uncovered, Bergeron effectively was able to able to pick up and ride smaller bodies at the edge of the box out of the picture
+ You really like what he presents blocking on the move, sweeping around the edge and taking linebackers for a ride or blowing DBs trying to set the edge out of the picture
+ Was utilized on some skip-pulls, where he would wrap around on GT power plays and looked pretty light on his feet to get to his landmarks

+ Shows a real plan in his approach as a pass-protector, changing up between quick sets, jumping out of his stance aggressively versus speed-based rushers, etc.
+ Covers a ton of ground in his kick-sets in order to counter true speed-balls off the edge
+ Carries his hands at his hips and is ready to punch and counter the movement of rushers
+ Will land some surprise stabs quickly at the chest of rushers, to throw off the timing of the moves they want to set up
+ Displays the body-control to re-anchor even when it looks like power rushers are under control of reps
+ Transitions well on twists by the D-line, whether it’s the strong base to absorb force by the initial slanter or the lateral agility to slide in front of the secondary looper
+ Quickly redirects from the initial kick to a lateral shuffle in order to help out or take over stunting interior defenders, if his man on the edge peels off
+ Generally can use the momentum of defender to guide them away from the quarterback
+ Takes advantages of chances to pull off-balance rushers to the ground and pins them down there
+ While he was officially charged for five sacks by PFF last season, in terms of total pressures he was at 12 compared to 11 the year prior, with 770 combined pass-blocking snaps

– His hands regularly start off high and wide already and he minimizes the force he can apply in the run game, as well as make him vulnerable to get flagged, because the refs can see everything
– Pro Football Focus only credited his with 33 positively graded run plays last season, which I wouldn’t judge as such (in terms of a net plus), but in terms of having his hands latched onto the aiming points, that number is probably about right
– Tends to pick up his inside foot too much, as he’s trying to gain ground vertically in his pass-sets and becomes vulnerable against guys with a great long-arm – Clemson’s Myles Murphy was in control of that matchup for most of the day, even if Myles didn’t get to finish many plays
– Edge rushers frequently are the ones to get their arms inside and Bergeron ends up with his elbows out wide, which limits his ability to slow down power

Bergeron has nearly put together the exact same resume during his pre-draft process as Tennessee’s Darnell Wright. Throughout Senior Bowl week, I thought his movement skills in pass-protection were highly impressive, not allowing guys to gain an angle on the quarterback, as well as being able to mirror and shut down some challenging counter moves. And while he didn’t test at the combine, he had a tremendous on-field workout. He looked so light-footed, changed directions and reacted to the coaches’ indications without any issues. His hand-placement in both facets of the game drove me wild at times on tape, but that area already looked improved down in Mobile and I also understand that he will receive the type of coaching to see major benefits. How well he carries 320 pounds, being able to cover ground vertically and horizontal in protection, is rare – and he doesn’t even yet take great advantage of his play-strength all the time. I would not be shocked if he ends up being one of the last few picks of the first round and he’s probably a top-50 lock.


8. Jaelyn Duncan, Maryland

6’6”, 320 pounds, RS SR

The rest of the analysis can be found here!


9. Tyler Steen, Alabama

6’5”, 315 pounds; RS SR


10. Blake Freeland, BYU

6’8″, 305 pounds; RS JR

The next names up:

Jordan McFadden (Clemson) Wanya Morris (Oklahoma), Ryan Hayes (Michigan), Richard Gouraige (Florida), Warren McClendon Jr. (Georgia), Asim Richards (North Carolina) & Carter Warren (Pittsburgh)

If you enjoyed this breakdown, please consider checking out the original piece and feel free to check out all my other video content here!
Twitter: @ halilsfbtalk Instagram: @ halilsrealfootballtalk
submitted by hallach_halil to NFL_Draft [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 00:24 peachy_keen451 Wtf is this? Found on my car in front of frick… I can’t even understand what it’s trying to say

Wtf is this? Found on my car in front of frick… I can’t even understand what it’s trying to say submitted by peachy_keen451 to Pitt [link] [comments]

2023.03.28 21:14 ellenfayee [REQ] ($250) (#pittsburgh,pa,USA) (repay $300 on April 14th 2023 ) (paypal, cashapp)

Have proof of ID as well as proof of steady income

I have missed work due to covid quarantine and am asking for some help with food and bills.

submitted by ellenfayee to borrow [link] [comments]

2023.03.28 12:29 1MagnificentMagnolia I guess I'll just air on the side of caution and hold my breath today

submitted by 1MagnificentMagnolia to pittsburgh [link] [comments]

2023.03.27 02:44 Marklar916 Sometimes when I get ketchup packets in the Drive-Thru at various restaurants they are sometimes stuck together with this mystery, honey like substance.

Sometimes when I get ketchup packets in the Drive-Thru at various restaurants they are sometimes stuck together with this mystery, honey like substance. submitted by Marklar916 to mildlyinfuriating [link] [comments]

2023.03.27 02:23 chicagogangforum Insane Arkhos Kings/ Insane Kings Gang History

in the early 80's Asians gangs started and mostly fought each other at the flip parties, etc: (mostly party crews) As most of the guys got older, FP, WS broke up. but Flip City kept growing. By the late 1980's some Asians were Flip City. A couple of the older FC's and another small flip gang Flip Brothers - FBN joined the Latin Kings - one of the largest Hispanic gangs in Chicago. Eventually most of Flip City became Latin Kings based on neighborhood locale. The Flip section branched off to become the Flip City Kings. Most of the fighting was with all Folks. The Flip City battled with mostly the Disciples, Gangsters, Cobras.
Due to heavy policing, issues with other asians, and other Jail sentences the Arkhos Flip City abandoned their sets in Albany Park. The Nation has been shut down for years as their members have all flipped Latin Kings. The Nation in 2020 has been reactivated encouraging all races to join. Many asians in Uptown have been complaining about poor gang behavior and especially poor behavior from other Asians. The new Headquarters is on Foster Ave/Bryn Mawr- Sheridan Rd/Winthrop
Sets F.N.K (Foster Nation Kings) Foster Ave/Bryn Mawr- Sheridan Rd/Winthrop
Darkside Belmont/Addison-Kimball/Ridgeway
Broadway Kings Winnemac/Foster Ave-Broadway/Clark St.
( Insane Arkhos Flip City King): [PA]Wilson Ave/Argyle St-Springfield/Pulaski Rd
[W.S.K.A.K]( Western Street King Avenue Kings) Western Avenue/N.Manor Ave-Wilson Ave/Montrose Ave
113th Kensington Kings ( Arkhos Flip City Kings & Latin Kings)
T.B.C (Trap Bangers Crazy) 119th -120th/Michigan-Calumet
Cities- Chicago, Pittsburgh (Bellevue & Brighton Heights) Kentucky, Connecticut, Cincinnati Ohio ( Evanston) Iowa, & Texas
Colors- Yellow & Grey Symbols: 3 Point Crown & 5 point Star.
submitted by chicagogangforum to u/chicagogangforum [link] [comments]

2023.03.27 00:22 laidbackgirl School List Advice? Planning on applying this cycle!

Apologies if the formatting is off
PA Resident (Currently in gap year)
Shadowing- 150+ hrs Volunteering-150 hrs Research-300+hrs
sGPA-3.56 cGPA-3.61
DAT- PAT 26 TS 25 AA 23
Idk if it makes a difference but I’m a URM
Temple University University of Buffalo University of Pittsburgh University of Pennsylvania Ohio State University Touro ATSU University of Michigan Tufts Boston University University of Florida (where I went for undergraduate) University of Maryland Augusta University
This is my current list of dental schools I’ll be applying to. I ideally would like to shorten the list by 2-3 schools. If anyone has any info regarding costs, the areas or has heard good/ bad things about these programs, any info would be much appreciated!
submitted by laidbackgirl to predental [link] [comments]

2023.03.23 03:51 AcidaliaPlanitia Not sure if this one's been announced before

Not sure if this one's been announced before submitted by AcidaliaPlanitia to TheGaslightAnthem [link] [comments]

2023.03.22 17:11 coastersax4 First live show announced! 8/13 in Pittsburgh. Album out during the summer?

submitted by coastersax4 to streetlightmanifesto [link] [comments]

2023.03.22 16:13 mr_smiley_pie Four Chord

Four Chord submitted by mr_smiley_pie to festivals [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 14:04 Tonyclifton69 Free Motorcycle Parking Downtown!

On Fifth Avenue, right under the highway. What I've heard is that since it's under the Interstate, it's federal property, so the city has no jurisdiction to ticket. It's first come first serve.

So if you want to park downtown for free, get a motorcycle or scooter and get there early!

submitted by Tonyclifton69 to pittsburgh [link] [comments]



Former Texas Lt. Governor Ben Barnes admits he helped convince Iran to keep the Iran hostages held captive to sabotage Jimmy Carter's re-election bid and help Reagan win in an apparent violation of the Logan Act.

Ben Barnes frames this as something he wants out there for the historical record and how it affected carter. He glosses over how this potentially led to the hostages spending more time as hostages while their families worried at home.
He says he wasn’t involved. Except he was involved since why else would he have continued the tour once he knew what his partner was doing? First meeting, perhaps, but not after they repeated it again and again. He was a participant.
Also, because he knew what his partner was doing after the first meeting, he could have informed the US government before subsequent meetings took place. Instead the damaging tour continued.
By waiting to to disclose this until the later years of his life he evaded criminal, civil, and professional liability. The historical impact of this revelation would have been more significant had he come clean at the time.

New California bill would protect doctors who mail abortion pills to other states

The bill would not let California extradite doctors who are facing charges in another state for providing abortion medication. It would also shield doctors from having to pay fines. And it would let California doctors sue anyone who tries to stop them from providing abortions.
Hell yes! That last part is great. It means doctors are less likely to be harassed since they can retaliate in court against the nutcases.

New Mexico Passes Bill to Safeguard Abortion Providers

To all the people commenting "abortion bad":

Abortion is not as simple as "killing babies." Abortion is necessary for many pregnancies which (1) are impossible to carry to term; (2) would certainly kill the baby, mother, or both; (3) would result in an extremely painful, short, and disabled life for the baby; And many other situations.

Educate yourself before forming an opinion which oppresses others.

South Carolina Abortion Bill Would Impose Death Penalty For Terminating A Pregnancy

Republican lawmakers in South Carolina are debating whether to change a controversial bill that would make individuals who receive an abortion eligible for the death penalty.
The bill, which has been dubbed the South Carolina Prenatal Equal Protection Act of 2023, would “ensure that an unborn child who is a victim of homicide is afforded equal protection under the homicide laws of the state,” according to South Carolina General Assembly website.
The bill would also define a “person” as an “unborn child at every stage of development from fertilization until birth.”

If the eyebrow-raising piece of legislation is passed, those convicted of murder could face the death penalty or a minimum of 30 years in prison.

There are some exceptions for pregnant people and in cases of emergency
The bill will provide exceptions for pregnant people who have to receive an emergency abortion due to “the threat of imminent death or great bodily injury.” It also provides an exception if the procedure is needed to avert the death of a mother “when all reasonable alternatives to save the life of the unborn child were attempted or none were available,” the website adds.

Sadly, South Carolina’s Equal Protection Act does not provide any exceptions for victims of rape or incest.

With the dismantling of Roe V. Wade last year, proponents of the bill are now bracing themselves for more destruction. Rep. Nancy Mace of the first congressional district blasted Republican lawmakers for proposing the restrictive abortion plan.
“To see this debate go to the dark places, the dark edges, where it has gone on both sides of the aisle, has been deeply disturbing to me as a woman, as a female legislator, as a mom, and as a victim of rape,” Mace said, according to The Hill.
Since the fall of Roe, Republican states have been working overtime to place abortion limitations. 18 states have launched near or total bans on the procedure.
As of now, abortion remains constitutional in South Carolina, but Republican lawmakers are determined to change this.
Before the stringent ban went into effect, in 2021 the Food and Drug Administration relaxed some of the tight restrictions placed on one abortion pill called mifepristone, which can end a pregnancy that is less than 10 weeks along. Patients were initially required to pick up the medication at a certified hospital or clinic, but during the pandemic, the Biden Administration changed the protocol, allowing women in abortion-banned states to receive the pill by mail.

Citing staffing issues and political climate, North Idaho hospital will no longer deliver babies

"highly respected, talented physicians are leaving the state, and recruiting replacements will be “extraordinarily difficult.”"
The rabid politicians in Idaho are in charge of health care now. Talented physicians are leaving the state.
Heckuva job!

New calls for marijuana legalization after report shows Wisconsinites gave Illinois $36M in tax revenue


Sanders Calls for All Drug Prices to Be Cut After Third Insulin Maker Cuts Price — Moreover, analyses of the companies’ price cuts show that the cuts aren’t as altruistic as they might seem.

“because of complexities with Medicaid’s rebate formula, the company will actually make an estimated $85 million more under the new $35 federal price cap policy, a report by consulting firm Veda Partners recently found.”

California moves to cap insulin cost at $30

California Gov. Gavin Newsom announced on Saturday that the state will cut insulin costs by 90% and that it will start manufacturing naloxone, a nasal spray used to reverse opioid overdoses.
The lower insulin cost results from a collaboration between CalRx, a California Department of Health Care Services program, and the non-profit drug manufacturer Civica Rx, according to a news release from the governor’s office. A 10-milliliter vial of insulin will be available for no more than $30, pending approval by the US Food and Drug Administration, says the release.
Though insulin was discovered more than a century ago and costs little to make, brand-name insulin is often sold for roughly $300 per vial, CNN has reported. The high cost has forced many people with diabetes to ration or skip drug doses, which help the body manage blood sugar.

Right-Wing Drag Queen Lady MAGA USA Now a 'Costume Artist'

All drag queens should now start calling themselves "costume artists". They could have costume artist story hour at the library and costume artist shows as entertainment.

Bookmans Drag Queen Story hour needs our help


New Mexico governor signs bill ending juvenile life sentences without parole


Corporations with board members sitting on competitor’s boards are under increasing pressure from the U.S. Department of Justice


Sandy Hook Families Are Fighting Alex Jones and the Bankruptcy System Itself

A New York Times review of financial documents and court records filed over the past year found that Mr. Jones has transferred millions of dollars in property, cash and business deals to family and friends, including to a new company run by his former personal trainer, all potentially out of reach of creditors. He has also spent heavily on luxuries, including $80,000 on a private jet, bodyguards and a rented villa while he was in Connecticut to testify at a trial last fall.
“If anybody thinks they’re shutting me down, they’re mistaken,” Mr. Jones said on his new podcast last month.
The families now face a stark reality. It is not clear whether they will ever collect a significant portion of the assets Mr. Jones has transferred. So their ability to get anything remotely close to the jury awards is inextricably tied to Mr. Jones’s capacity to make a living as the purveyor of lies — including that the shooting was a hoax, the parents were actors and the children did not really die — that ignited years of torment and threats against them.
Earlier this month, Mr. Jones offered to pay the families and his other creditors a total of $43 million over five years as part of a bankruptcy plan, which lawyers for the families immediately dismissed as laughable and riddled with financial holes. The judge ordered Mr. Jones to fill in the gaps in his financial disclosures by the end of the month.
But Mr. Jones’s continued obfuscation about his net worth has given him leverage over the families, who are also fighting an American bankruptcy system that makes the survival of businesses a priority and has so far given Mr. Jones an advantage in court.
Although Infowars has estimated revenues of some $70 million a year — hardly a mom-and-pop shop — Mr. Jones was able to file for Chapter 11 under the more lenient bankruptcy rules of the Small Business Reorganization Act, known as Subchapter V. The law first took effect in early 2020, but was soon broadened to assist small businesses struggling during the pandemic.
Unlike in a traditional Chapter 11 bankruptcy, Subchapter V gives creditors like the Sandy Hook families virtually no say in a restructuring plan, nor can they file a competing plan. They can challenge Mr. Jones’s approach, but an impasse in talks could result in liquidation of the company, putting them in line to collect a fraction of the damages.
A liquidation would end Infowars, but Mr. Jones would be free to start another company just like it.

'I'm not turning my camera off': Oklahoma City police release bodycam of captain's arrest


Body found in recycling bin "not suspicious"


Man, 34, ‘strangles and kills teenager’, 19, for rejecting his marriage proposal


Podcast host killed by stalker had ‘deep-seated fear’ for her safety, records reveal


4Chan User Accused of Threatening to Kill Sheriff Gets Arrested at Mom's House


Cruz urges Texas bar for careful consideration of Stanford graduates following campus protests

Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) urged the Texas state bar to carefully consider the fitness of certain Stanford University law school graduates after a protest over a conservative judge’s speaking engagement on the campus.
Cruz in a letter to Texas officials said there is a “fundamental” question over whether the students who protested the appearance by Kyle Duncan, a circuit judge for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, are “fit to practice law” in Texas.
“The idea that these future lawyers would find it acceptable to harass and insult a sitting judge boggles the mind, and seriously calls into question whether these students have the proper respect for the role of a judge, or the temperament to practice law,” he said in a Thursday letter to Texas Supreme Court Chief Justice Nathan Hecht and Augustin Rivera, the chair of the Texas Board of Law Examiners.
“Indeed, these students’ tantrum raises a fair question as to whether they can be trusted to dispassionately defend clients that might have ideological opinions different from their own,” Cruz wrote.
Duncan has visited Stanford Law School to participate in an event called “The Fifth Circuit in Conversation with the Supreme Court: COVID, Guns, and Twitter.”
Cruz said Duncan did not have the opportunity to “meaningfully speak” as he was “shouted down” by Stanford students.
Stanford’s student newspaper, The Stanford Daily, reported that audience members protested Duncan’s appearance before and during his lecture. The paper reported that opponents protesting Duncan’s appearance put up fliers throughout the campus arguing that Duncan has pushed for laws that have harmed women, immigrants and LGBTQ individuals.
Cruz said the protesters continuously interrupted Duncan, called him racist and yelled “crude sexual slurs.”

The Stanford Daily reported that the law school’s dean denounced the protest in an email to the school community, saying that what happened did not align with the institution’s “commitment to free speech.”

“The school is reviewing what transpired and will work to ensure protocols are in place so that disruptions of this nature do not occur again, and is committed to the conduct of events on terms that are consistent with the disruption policy and the principles of free speech and critical inquiry they support,” Dean Jenny Martinez said.
Cruz said the Texas board should “take particular care” for students graduating from Stanford law school in 2023, 2024 and 2025. He said these students should be forced to state in writing if they participated in the protest, and the Texas Supreme Court and the board should decide what the “proper remedy” should be.
“Texans deserve only the finest advocates as their counsel, and those that engage in screaming and name-calling to make their case, are far from the finest,” he said.

Some student-loan companies are 'ignoring' court orders and continuing to collect borrowers' debt after they received relief through bankruptcy, a federal consumer watchdog finds


Arizona Governor Vetoes Bill Banning Critical Race Theory. Republican lawmakers in Arizona have attempted to ban critical race theory three times so far.


Cancer patient sues hospital after ransomware gang leaks her nude medical photos Victim offered two years of credit monitoring after highly sensitive records dumped online

According to the lawsuit, LaRock also told Doe that her physical and email addresses, along with date of birth, social security number, health insurance provider, medical diagnosis and treatment information, and lab results were also likely stolen in the breach.
"Given that LVHN is and was storing the sensitive information of plaintiff and the class, including nude photographs of plaintiff receiving sensitive cancer treatment, LVHN knew or should have known of the serious risk and harm that could occur from a data breach," the lawsuit says.
Jesus christ. Companies that suffer data breaches shouldn't even be able to even store data anymore. Everything should have to be handled by a third party and access to data requires 2FA every time.
But this is America so nothing will happen, and if we did have companies responsible for protecting data they'd be as secure as Equifax.

1,000 federal judges seek to remove personal info from internet as threats skyrocket


Amazon Go stores in New York City didn't properly alert customers they were being biometrically tracked, lawsuit says


Former Barclays boss Jes Staley to face US deposition over allegations he knew about Jeffrey Epstein’s sex trafficking operation

Excerpt from the linked content1 by Rupert Neate; news wires:
JP Morgan, the US bank where Staley worked and had the convicted sex offender as a client, said it would depose him next Thursday and Friday as part of its lawsuit alleging he concealed crucial information about the late financier.
JP Morgan is being sued by prosecutors in the US Virgin Islands, where much of the abuse is said to have taken place at a home owned by Epstein on a private island, and also by a woman known only as Jane Doe 1.
JP Morgan is being sued by prosecutors in the US Virgin Islands, where much of the abuse is said to have taken place at a home owned by Epstein on a private island, and also by a woman known only as Jane Doe 1.
Those lawsuits, while aimed at JP Morgan, have claimed Staley “observed victims personally”, including “visiting young girls at Epstein’s apartments” and exchanging 1,200 emails with the late financier that included photos of young women in seductive poses and referring to women by the names of Disney princesses.
1 Rupert Neate and agencies, The Guardian, 17 Mar. 2023, https://www.theguardian.com/business/2023/ma17/former-barclays-boss-jes-staley-to-face-us-deposition-over-epstein-ties

71-year-old Jacksonville teacher accused of sexual abuse takes plea deal, sentenced to 4 years


Owner of Dorchester, Roslindale pizza places charged with beating, intimidating his mostly immigrant workers; one had to have genital surgery and to have all his teeth removed after attacks

The criminal investigation grew out of 2017 investigation by the federal Department of Labor into wage issues
Apparently he was forced to pay $330,000 in back wages in 2019, to which he agreed. But then DHS kept digging and offered the workers legal status:
After Papantoniadis signed a consent decree in 2019 to pay back wages, Homeland Security began to re-interview the named workers, and to launch a broader investigation that led to today's arrest. The affidavit states that in exchange for their cooperation, Homeland Security worked to obtain a change in immigration status to let the workers stay here.
Lessons of today: treat all people with dignity and respect, and obey labor laws.

Hate crime graffiti SUCKS!!!

submitted by MsWeather to cloudclub [link] [comments]

2023.03.19 03:53 longbeachlocale 🚨 City Council Meeting • March 21, 2023 • 5:00 PM 🚨

🗓 Date: March 21, 2023 @ 5PM
🗺 Location: Long Beach Civic Center411 W. Ocean Boulevard
📺 LiveStream (YouTube): https://www.youtube.com/c/LongBeachTelevision
📺 Live Stream (City Website): https://longbeach.granicus.com/ViewPublisher.php?view_id=84
ℹ️ Details: https://longbeach.legistar.com/MeetingDetail.aspx?ID=1088285&GUID=61CA9A58-57C4-463B-B8DB-6721C8FB6B9F&Options=info&Search=
📄 Agenda (PDF): https://longbeach.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=A&ID=1088285&GUID=61CA9A58-57C4-463B-B8DB-6721C8FB6B9F
🗣eComment: https://longbeach.granicusideas.com/meetings/3957-city-council-revised/agenda_items

Agenda Item

CD 5 - Contribution in Support of the Fix Project

Item #1 • File #23-0231 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to increase appropriations in the General Fund Group in the City Manager Department by $250, offset by the Fifth Council District One-Time District Priority Funds transferred from the Citywide Activities Department to provide a contribution to The Fix Project; and Decrease appropriations in the General Fund Group in the Citywide Activities Department by $250 to offset a transfer to the City Manager Department.

CD4 - Funds Transfer Little Lion Foundation

Item #2 • File #23-0232 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to increase appropriations in the General Fund Group in the City Manager Department by $1,000, offset by the Fourth Council District One-time District Priority Funds transferred from the Citywide Activities Department to provide support to The Little Lion Foundation (LLF) for their ongoing euthanasia-prevention efforts of small cats and kittens; and Decrease appropriations in the General Fund Group in the Citywide Activities Department by $1,000 to offset a transfer to the City Manager Department.

CD2, 4 - Fund Transfer to Cambodia Town, Inc.

Item #3 • File #23-0233 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to increase appropriations in the General Fund Group in the City Manager Department by $2,000, offset by $1,000 of Second Council District One-time District Priority Funds and $1,000 of Fourth Council District One-time District Priority Funds transferred from the Citywide Activities Department, to provide a contribution to Cambodia Town, Inc. to support their 15th Annual Cambodia Town Parade and Culture Festival; and Decrease appropriations in the General Fund Group in the Citywide Activities Department by $2,000 to offset a transfer to the City Manager Department.

CD 8 - Fund Transfers for Community Events & Scholarships

Item #4 • File #23-0234 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to increase appropriations in the General Fund Group in the City Manager Department by $3,500, offset by the Eighth Council District One-time District Priority Funds, transferred from the Citywide Activities Department, to provide donations of: 1. $2,500 to the Los Angeles County Community Development Foundation (LACDF) to support their Resident Scholarship Program; 2. $1,000 to the Speak Up Empowerment Foundation, Inc. to support the 7th Annual Ms. Single Mom Empowerment Forum; and Decrease appropriation in the General Fund Group in the Citywide Activities Department by $3,500, to offset a transfer to the City Manager Department.

CC - Minutes

Item #5 • File #23-0235 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to approve the minutes for the City Council meeting of Tuesday, March 7, 2023.

CC - Damage Claims

Item #6 • File #23-0236 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to refer to City Attorney damage claims received between March 6, 2023 and March 13, 2023.

ER - Long Beach Unit Annual Plan (July 1, 2023 - June 30, 2024)

Item #8 • File #23-0238 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to approve and adopt the Long Beach Unit Annual Plan (July 1, 2023 to June 30, 2024) and Program Plan (July 1, 2023 to June 30, 2028). (Citywide)

ER - Modification and Supplement of the Long Beach Unit Annual Plan

Item #9 • File #23-0239 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to approve the Modification and Supplement of the Long Beach Unit Annual Plan (July 1, 2022 to June 30, 2023). (Citywide)

ER - Elevation Changes Nov 2021-October 2022

Item #10 • File #23-0240 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to receive and file the attached report, “Elevation Changes in the City of Long Beach, November 2021 through November 2022.” (Citywide)

PRM - Fee waiver – Navy Yacht Club D3

Item #22 • File #23-0252 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to approve a fee waiver for the Navy Yacht Club - Long Beach, in an amount not to exceed $5,000, for use of dock space in Alamitos Bay Marina for Veteran honoring, racing and cruise celebrations, for the period of April 2023 through December 2023. (District 3)

PRM - Fee waiver – Long Beach Yacht Club D3

Item #23 • File #23-0253 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to approve a fee waiver for the Long Beach Yacht Club, in an amount not to exceed $8,250, for use of dock space in Alamitos Bay Marina for visiting/participating vessels during the 2023 Ficker and Congressional Cups, for the period of April 13 through April 22, 2023, and the United States Open Sailing Series for the period of July 14 through July 16, 2023. (District 3)

PRM - Fee waiver – Seal Beach Yacht Club D3

Item #24 • File #23-0254 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to approve a fee waiver for the Seal Beach Yacht Club, in an amount not to exceed $5,000, for use of dock space in Alamitos Bay Marina for visiting/participating vessels for Opening Day festivities on May 6, 2023; the Seal Beach to Dana Point Regatta on July 8, 2023, and during the 2023 Marina Del Rey “Outlaw” Regatta on September 2, 2023. (District 3)

PD - Officer Wellness and Mental Health Program Grant

Item #25 • File #23-0255 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to execute all necessary documents, including any subsequent amendments, with the California Board of State and Community Corrections, to receive and expend grant funding in the amount of $520,243 from the Officer Wellness and Mental Health Grant Program to improve officer wellness and expanding mental health resources, for the period of July 1, 2022 to December 1, 2025; and Increase appropriations in the General Grants Fund Group in the Police Department by $520,243, offset by grant revenue. (Citywide)

PW - Colorado Lagoon SCE Easement D3

Item #26 • File #23-0256 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to grant an easement deed to Southern California Edison, for the installation of two utility poles and an electrical duct bank in and along Colorado Street, between Eliot Street and Orlena Avenue, as part of the construction of the Colorado Lagoon Open Channel Phase 2A project. (District 3)

PW - Easement deed at 5599 Atlantic Ave. for the installation of public utilities D8

Item #27 • File #23-0257 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to accept an easement deed from HKJ Gold, Inc., a California Corporation, and owner of the property owner at 5599 Atlantic Avenue, for the installation of public utilities; and Accept the Notice of Exemption from CEQA Number CE-22-142. (District 8)

M - Training Module for City Commissioners & Board Members

Item #31 • File #23-0260 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to request City Clerk to develop a training module for council-appointed members of City boards and commissions which includes, but is not limited to, training on the City’s 2030 Strategic Vision, current ethics standards, and the City’s Equity Toolkit.

PD - PD Communications Presentation

Item #34 • File #23-0263 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to receive and file a presentation on public safety communications from the Long Beach Police Department. (Citywide)

César Chávez Day & Dolores Huerta Day Proclamation

Item #40 • File #23-0272 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to request City Attorney to draft resolution officially recognizing every 31st of March as César Chávez Day in the City of Long Beach; and Request City Attorney to draft resolution officially recognizing every 10th of April as Dolores Huerta Day in the City of Long Beach.

Long Beach Sankranta 2023

Item #41 • File #23-0273 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to increase appropriations in the General Fund Group in the City Manager Department by $2,500, offset by the Seventh Council District One-time District Priority Funds, transferred from the Citywide Activities Department to United Cambodian Community (UCC) to support Long Beach Sankranta 2023 on April 1, 2023; and Decrease appropriations in the General Fund Group by $2,500 to offset a transfer to the City Manager Department.

Fund Transfers to Support Community Events

Item #42 • File #23-0274 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to increase appropriations in the General Fund Group in the City Manager Department by $1,500, offset by Second Council District One-Time District Priority Funds, transferred from the Citywide Activities Department, to provide contributions of: · $500 to the Long Beach Community Action Partnership for their annual fundraiser on March 10, 2023; · $500 to the United Cambodian Community to support Long Beach Sankranta on April 1, 2023; · $500 to the Speak Up Empowerment Foundation, Inc. to support the 7th Annual Ms. Single Mom Empowerment Forum on April 22, 2023; and Decrease appropriations in the General Fund Group in the Citywide Activities Department by $1,500, to offset a transfer to the City Manager Department.

Presentation - Sankranta 2023

Item #43 • File #23-0275 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to request the City Council to receive and file a presentation in recognition of Long Beach Sankranta 2023.

Homelessness Emergency Declaration

Item #44 • File #23-0276 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to continue the local emergency caused by conditions or threatened conditions of homelessness within the City of Long Beach, which if not corrected, constitute an imminent and proximate threat to the safety of persons and property within the City; and Receive and file an update on the emergency declaration and associated activities and provide any additional direction to City staff regarding the emergency. (Citywide)

sup memo

Item # • File #23-0277 (Details, PDF)
Supplemental Memorandum - Corrections and/or additions to the City Council Agenda as of 12:00 noon, Friday, March 17, 2023.


DPREP/FD/PD - Homeland Security FEMA grant

Item #7 • File #23-0237 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to execute a contract, and all necessary amendments including term extensions, with the Department of Homeland Security to receive and expend grant funding for the 2022 Port Security Grant Program, in an amount of $1,156,500, with a Port of Long Beach cost match of $385,500, for a total amount not to exceed $1,542,000, for a period ending August 31, 2025; and Increase appropriations in the General Grants Fund Group in the Fire Department by $942,000, and the Police Department by $600,000, offset by federal and Port of Long Beach grant funds. (Citywide)

FM - Ray Gaskin - Contract for Ford F-550 truck for Clean Team

Item #11 • File #23-0241 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to adopt resolution authorizing City Manager or designee, to execute a contract, and any necessary documents including any necessary subsequent amendments, with Ray Gaskin Service, an authorized distributor for New Way Trucks and Scranton Manufacturing Company, of Fontana, CA, for the purchase of one Ford F-550 truck, with related equipment and accessories, on the same terms and conditions afforded to Sourcewell, in a total amount not to exceed $159,903, inclusive of taxes and fees, at the discretion of the City Manager. (Citywide)

DHHS - Agrmnts w/CSULB, LBCC and WCU for student field placement, internship

Item #18 • File #23-0248 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to execute Affiliation Agreements, and any subsequent amendments, with California State University Long Beach, Long Beach City College, and West Coast University for student field placement, internship, and preceptorship with the Health and Human Services Department. (Citywide)

DHHS - Heathvana to provide COVID-19 test patient results reporting svcs

Item #19 • File #23-0249 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to receive and file Amendment No. 4 to Contract No. 35750 with Healthvana Inc., of Los Angeles, CA, to provide COVID-19 test patient results reporting services, extending the contract period to February 28, 2023, made pursuant to Chapters 2.69 and 2.85 of the Long Beach Municipal Code (LBMC) and in response to the proclaimed emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic; and Authorize City Manager, or designee, to execute all documents necessary to amend Contract No. 35750 with Healthvana, Inc., of Los Angeles, CA, to provide COVID-19 test patient results reporting services, to extend the term of the contract date through May 11, 2023, to align with the end of the Federal Public Health Emergency Declaration for COVID-19. (Citywide)

DHHS - CITED Program for Enhanced Care Management (ECM) and CalAIM

Item #20 • File #23-0250 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to execute an agreement, and all necessary documents or subsequent amendments, including amending the award amount, with the California Department of Health Care Services Capacity and Infrastructure Transition Expansion and Development (CITED) Program, under the Providing Access and Transforming Health (PATH) Initiative (PATH-CITED), to accept and expend grant funding in the amount of $554,323 for the transition, expansion, and development of Enhanced Care Management (ECM) and Community Supports capacity and infrastructure, under the California Advancing and Innovating Medi-Cal (CalAIM) initiative, for a period of eighteen (18) months, with the option to extend the agreement for an additional one-year period, at the discretion of the City Manager; and Increase appropriations in the Health Fund Group in the Health and Human Services Department by $554,323 offset by grant revenue. (Citywide)

DHHS - 2023 Continuum of Care for Homeless Assistance Program

Item #21 • File #23-0251 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to submit a renewal grant application to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), for the 2023 Continuum of Care for Homeless Assistance Program; and Authorize City Manager, or designee, to execute an agreement, and all necessary documents and any amendments, including amendments to the amount of the award, with HUD to accept and expend grant funding in an estimated amount between $10,000,000 and $12,000,000, for the initial period of July 1, 2024 through June 30, 2025. (Citywide)

TI/PW - CAV and a Cooperative Intelligent Transportation System (C-ITS)

Item #28 • File #23-0258 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to execute all documents necessary to amend Contract No. 36005 with Mercedes-Benz Research & Development North America, of Long Beach, CA, and Xtelligent, of Los Angeles, CA, to continue development and testing of a Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAV) and a Cooperative Intelligent Transportation System (C-ITS), at no cost to the City of Long Beach (City), and expand the pilot program to additional locations in the City and extend the term of the contract to April 1, 2024. (Citywide)

PRM - Grant for Davies Boat Launching Facility project D3

Item #33 • File #23-0262 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to authorize City Manager or designee, to execute all necessary documents, including any subsequent amendments, with the State of California Department of Parks and Recreation, Division of Boating and Waterways, to accept and expend grant funding in an amount not to exceed $6,000,000 for the Davies Boat Launching Facility project, for the period of February 1, 2023, through February 1, 2026; Increase appropriations in the Capital Projects Fund Group in the Capital Grant fund in the Public Works Department by $6,000,000, offset by grant revenue received from State of California Department of Parks and Recreation, Division of Boating and Waterways (C4134069); and Increase appropriations in the Tidelands Operating Fund Group in the Public Works Department by $6,000,000, offset by a transfer of State of California Department of Parks and Recreation funds from the Capital Projects Fund Group. (District 3)


FM - Purchase of two Volvo L120H Wheel Loader tractors

Item #12 • File #23-0242 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to adopt resolution authorizing City Manager or designee, to execute a contract, and any necessary documents including any necessary subsequent amendments, with Volvo Construction Equipment North America, LLC, of Shippensburg, PA, for the purchase of two Volvo L120H Wheel Loader tractors, with related equipment and accessories, on the same terms and conditions afforded to Sourcewell, in a total amount not to exceed $664,777, inclusive of taxes and fees. (Citywide)

FM - Arizona Machinery - Purchase of two John Deere tractors

Item #13 • File #23-0243 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to adopt resolution authorizing City Manager or designee, to execute a contract, and any necessary documents including any necessary subsequent amendments, with Arizona Machinery, Inc., dba Stotz Equipment, a local distributor of John Deere Construction Retail Sales, of Moline, IL, for the purchase of two John Deere tractors, with related equipment and accessories, on the same terms and conditions afforded to Sourcewell, in a total amount not to exceed $536,579 inclusive of taxes and fees. (Citywide)

FM - LCPtracker for certified payroll reporting/labor compliance

Item #14 • File #23-0244 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to adopt resolution authorizing City Manager or designee, to execute a contract, and any necessary documents including amendments with LCPtracker, Inc., of Orange, CA, for providing certified payroll reporting and labor compliance monitoring software, and as-needed support, on the same terms and conditions afforded through the General Services Administration (GSA) contract No.GS-35F-364BA, in an annual amount not to exceed $55,000, until the GSA contract expires on May 7, 2024, with the option to renew as long as the GSA contract is in effect, at the discretion of the City Manager. (Citywide)

FM - Velocity Truck Center - Contract for two BEV Crane Carrier LNT-26 trucks

Item #15 • File #23-0245 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to adopt resolution authorizing City Manager or designee, to execute a contract, and any necessary documents including any necessary subsequent amendments, with Los Angeles Truck Centers, LLC, dba Velocity Truck Centers, an authorized distributor of Crane Carrier Company, LLC, of Whittier, CA, for the purchase of two battery electric vehicle (BEV) Crane Carrier LNT-26 trucks, with New Way rear loader refuse bodies, on the same terms and conditions afforded to Sourcewell, in a total amount not to exceed $1,150,727, inclusive of taxes and fees. (Citywide)

FM/DPREP - Purchase of a mobile command center

Item #16 • File #23-0246 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to adopt resolution authorizing City Manager or designee, to execute a contract, and any necessary documents including any necessary subsequent amendments, with LDV, Inc., of Burlington, WI, for the purchase of a mobile radio vehicle unit, on the same terms and conditions afforded to the Houston-Galveston Area Council of Governments (HGAC), in a total amount not to exceed $424,566, including taxes and fees, until the HGAC contract expires on September 30, 2023, with the option to renew for as long as the HGAC contract is in effect, at the discretion of the City Manager. (Citywide)

DHHS - Contract for as-needed medical surgical supplies/Pharmaceuticas

Item #17 • File #23-0247 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to adopt resolution authorizing City Manager or designee, to execute a contract, and any necessary documents including any necessary subsequent amendments, with McKesson Medical-Surgical Government Solutions LLC, of Henrico, VA, for as-needed medical-surgical supplies and pharmaceuticals, on the same terms and conditions afforded to Sourcewell, a state of Minnesota local government unit and service cooperative, in a total annual amount not to exceed $275,000, until the Sourcewell contract expires on April 30, 2026, with the option to renew for an additional one year period, at the discretion of the City Manager. (Citywide)

PD - Carry Concealed Weapon (CCW) License Fees

Item #30 • File #23-0259 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to receive supporting documentation into the record, conclude the public hearing, and adopt resolution amending the Master Fee and Charges Schedule to add new Carry Concealed Weapon (CCW) License Fees. (Citywide)

FM - Impact Fees

Item #32 • File #23-0261 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to adopt resolution approving the Annual and Five-Year Reports for the Transportation Improvement, Parks and Recreation Facilities, Fire Facilities Impact, and Police Facilities Impact Fees. (Citywide)

CA - Reso Advisory bodies

Item # • File #23-0266 (Details, PDF)
Adopt resolution amending Fiscal Year 2023 Salary Resolution (Resolution No. RES-22-0159) to allow members of certain City advisory bodies the option to serve on said bodies as a volunteer without compensation or as a volunteer eligible for an expense reimbursement payment. (Citywide)

Public Hearing

DS - Appeal of 5910 Cherry Ave. Car Wash D9

Item #29 • File #23-0104 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to receive supporting documentation into the record and conclude the public hearing and consider two third-party appeals by Laurie Angel and Kirk Davis (APL 22-006); and Deny the appeals and approve a Site Plan Review (SPR 22-078) for the development of a 303,972 square foot concrete tilt-up building including 9,000 square feet of office space approximately 51 feet in height on a 14.16-acre lot at 5910 Cherry Avenue in the General Industrial Zoning District. (District 9)


CA - Amending Long Beach Municipal Code - Adding Chapter 9.28

Item #35 • File #23-0264 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to declare ordinance of the City Council of the City of Long Beach amending the Long Beach Municipal Code by adding Chapter 9.28 relating to targeted residential picketing; read the first time and laid over to the next regular meeting of the City Council for final reading. (Citywide)

CA - Advisory bodies & amending Section 2.06.060

Item #36 • File #23-0265 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to declare ordinance amending the Long Beach Municipal Code by repealing Section 2.06.060 related to compensation of members of advisory bodies, and amending Section 2.18.050 related to general regulations of advisory bodies, read the first time and laid over to the next regular meeting of the City Council for final reading; and

CA - COVID-19 LB Health Orders

Item #37 • File #23-0223 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to declare ordinance, repealing Ordinance No. ORD-20-0013, Chapter 8.120, read and adopted as read. (Citywide)

CA - Flavored Tobacco Products

Item #38 • File #23-0224 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to declare ordinance amending the Long Beach Municipal Code by repealing Section 5.81.070(F), relating to a prohibition on the sale of flavored tobacco products, read and adopted as read. (Citywide)

Harbor - Mark Bixby Path

Item #39 • File #23-0228 (Details, PDF)
Recommendation to declare ordinance amending the Long Beach Municipal Code by amending Sections 10.48.060, 10.51.050, 10.52.040 and 10.54.040, all relating to the Mark Bixby Memorial Bicycle-Pedestrian Path, read and adopted as read.
submitted by longbeachlocale to LongBeachCA [link] [comments]

2023.03.18 15:11 sacredthornapple Barbara Ehrenreich and Deirdre English on How Regular Medicine Found Its Authority

The men who were to reform medicine, that is, transform it from regular medicine into "scientific" medicine, came from the new middle class and shared its visions and anxieties. If they were science-minded, that was not so much because they were doctors as because they were members of a class which had staked its future on science and expertism. They were not graduates of commercial medical schools; they were college-educated men who had studied medicine at Harvard, Johns Hopkins, or Penn and had finished off their studies with a year or two in Berlin or Heidelberg (Germany had replaced England as the mecca for young doctors).
There they had listened reverently to the great European fathers of experimental biology, drunk beer in rathskellers with the scions of European nobility, and perhaps had a chance to dabble in a laboratory. They returned to the United States, perhaps not with a thorough education in experimental science, but at least with "the idea of experiment," as Dr. S. Weir Mitchell put it, and a passion to stamp this idea on the murky form of regular medicine.
The scientific reform of medicine was not as easy a project as one might expect from the vantage point of the late twentieth century, with our supertechnological, instrument-dominated medicine. The average regular doctor, as opposed to the scientific elite, still had the mentality of a small businessman, worrying more about the day-to-day competition than the long-range future of the profession. He was respectful, as were most native-born middle-class Americans, toward science, though not through any firsthand acquaintance. Few practicing physicians had ever seen a microscope or used a thermometer, nor is it likely that they had much interest in such "advanced" technology. ...
"Heroic" bleeding and purging had subsided somewhat in the late nineteenth century, but regular therapy was still dominated by the need to produce some sort of a tangible commodity. Surgery had been added to the doctors' repertoire, thanks to the introduction of ether and chloroform in the eighteen forties, and it was performed for all sorts of excuses on a variety of organs. In terms of drugs, opium and quinine were edging calomel out of the doctor's little black bag by the eighteen sixties. Quinine—which is useful for controlling malaria, if prescribed properly—was handed out in erratic doses for fevers in general. With opium, however, and alcohol, the doctors had at last found something which really worked. Opium, alcohol, and cocaine did indeed "cure" pain, and the pragmatic physician used them liberally for everything from pneumonia to "nerves."
Much as they might have liked to, the scientific reformers of medicine could not simply denounce their regular colleagues and insist that they be outlawed along with midwives, lay healers, and irregular doctors. For one thing, the handful of scientific doctors knew that no reform could be made against the will of the now 120,000-strong rank and file. For another, there were still no "scientific" therapies with which to replace the fumbling therapies of the average doctor. European bacteriology had produced diphtheria antitoxin, but little more of therapeutic value.
The general reform strategy, then, had to be to ignore the sea of incompetence that was turn-of-the-century regular medical practice, and to focus on medical education. Attacking the schools had the advantages of not offending the bulk of the rank and file while circumventing the whole issue of effective therapy. In education the issue was not what doctors did, but who they were and what they knew. The specific reform strategy was of course to add science to medical education. The Johns Hopkins medical school—the first American medical school to meet German standards—provided the model. There were solid courses in bacteriology, chemistry, pathology, physiology, clinical courses featuring live patients; full-time professors who were also experimental scientists; and, above all, laboratories. After all, what the public meant by science was something that had to do with laboratories, and by a "scientific fact" they meant a piece of information whose lineage could be traced to a neat (preferably quantitative) entry in a dog-eared, chemical-stained lab notebook. To be "scientific," in the fullest evangelical sense, medicine needed laboratories.
The rationale for scientizing medicine was provided by the Germ Theory of Disease. If all diseases had a single, known cause, as Benjamin Rush had argued, or if they were caused by "bad air" or "unbalanced humors," as most prescientific doctors believed, there would be no good reason for putting medical students through the trials of a scientific education. If, on the other hand, they were caused by actual physical particles—"germs"—as Pasteur and Koch and the other great figures of European biology claimed, then science was indispensable. Germs, as everyone knew, were invisible to ordinary people. They could be seen only by scientists skilled in microscopy, handled only by the most meticulous laboratory man. If germs caused disease, and if germs could only be ambushed in a well-stocked laboratory, then medicine without laboratories was like law without courts or theology without churches.
So the reasoning went, though there was no evidence that anyone would be a better doctor for having once confronted a purple-stained bacillus at the end of a microscope barrel. From a scientific point of view, there were other problems. Germ Theory did not forge quite as firm a link between medicine and bacteriology as the scientific doctors liked to think. It is true that by 1900 specific germs had been associated with typhoid, leprosy, tuberculosis, cholera, diphtheria, and tetanus—but in what sense the germs caused these diseases was not so clear.
Koch demonstrated that tubercle bacilli could be found in the tissues of all experimental animals which had the disease, but he could not explain the fact that disease-causing germs could also be found in the tissues of healthy animals. Nor could he have explained why Metchnikoff and his colleagues could gulp cholera germs without any more serious effect than mild intestinal discomfort—or why in general one person contracted a disease and another did not, despite exposure to the same germs. As a result, George Bernard Shaw had no trouble demolishing bacteriology as a "superstition" in his play The Doctor's Dilemma:
B.B. [Sir Ralph Bloomfield Bonington, a scientific doctor]: ... If youre not well, you have a disease. It may be a slight one; but it's a disease. And what is a disease? A lodgement in the system of a pathogenic germ, and the multiplication of that germ. What is the remedy? A very simple. Find the germ and kill it.
Sir Patrick: Suppose there's no germ?
B.B.: Impossible, Sir Patrick: there must be a germ: else how could the patient be ill?
Sir Patrick: Can you show me the germ of overwork?
B.B.: No; but why? Why? Because, my dear Sir Patrick, though the germ is there, it's invisible. Nature has given it no danger signal for us. These germs—these bacilli—are translucent bodies, like glass, like water. To make them visible you must stain them. Well, my dear Paddy, do what you will, some of them wont stain. They wont take cochineal: they wont take any methylene blue: they wont take gentian violet: they wont take any coloring matter. Consequently, though we know, as scientific men, that they exist, we cannot see them. But can you disprove their existence? Can you conceive the disease existing without them? Can you, for instance, shew me a case of diphtheria without the bacillus?
Sir Patrick: No; but I'll shew you the same bacillus, without the disease, in your own throat.
B.B.: No, not the same, Sir Patrick. It is an entirely different bacillus; only the two are, unfortunately, so exactly alike that you cannot see the difference. ... There is the genuine diphtheria bacillus discovered by Loeffler; and there is the pseudo-bacillus, exactly like it, which you could find, as you say, in my own throat.
Sir Patrick: And how do you tell one from the other?
B.B.: Well, obviously, if the bacillus is the genuine Loeffler, you have diphtheria; and if it's the pseudo-bacillus, youre quite well. Nothing Simpler. Science is always simple and always profound.
Without question, bacteriology had cast a bright light on medicine, but the beam was all too narrow. Germ Theory led to some spectacular victories: effective methods of immunization, antitoxins, and, later, antibiotics—to give a few examples. But at the same time Germ Theory (and the general effort of scientific medicine to search for a single cellular or molecular "cause" for each disease) helped distract medicine from the environmental and social factors in human health—poor nutrition, stress, pollution, etc. The result is a kind of medicine which, for example, is obsessed with finding the cellular "cause" for cancer, even though an estimated 80 percent or more of cancer cases are environmentally induced.
But none of these reflections deterred the scientific doctors of the turn of the century. Germ Theory seemed to provide a solid scientific basis for medicine, and if there were still a few loopholes which could not be filled up with "pseudo-bacilli" or similar theoretical cosmetics, that was only because there were not enough well-trained men doing full-time research. The important thing was to get science into the medical schools, and that in itself was a problem sufficient to challenge the best scientific minds.
First there was the problem of money. The old two-hundred-dollar-a-year fees would not pay for laboratory equipment and German-trained professors. So, for a start, tuition would have to rise dramatically. That, of course, had some advantages. John S. Billings, one of the leaders of the reform of medical education, pointed out that the new, scientific schooling would be so expensive that poor boys should not even try to become physicians. But in fact, middle-class boys wouldn't be able to either. So unless scientific medical education was to be restricted to young Vanderbilts and Morgans, tuition increases would never cover the costs. Vast sources of outside subsidization would have to be found. ...
The medieval medical profession had depended, directly and indirectly, on the sponsorship of the landed nobility. In colonial America and the early republic, there were no equivalent concentrations of wealth—hence little support for universities, elite professions, or "culture" generally. But by 1900 the money was there. The period of hectic industrialization following the Civil War had produced concentrations of wealth that would have been unimaginable a generation before. Among America's new plutocrats, no one outweighed John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie. Through a combination of luck, shrewdness, and sheer plunder, Rockefeller (Standard Oil) and Carnegie (U.S. Steel) had put together fortunes that ran into nine figures. It was this money, extracted from the labor of thousands of American working people and the wreckage of hundreds of smaller businesses, that financed the triumph of scientific (previously known as "regular") medicine in the early twentieth century.
It would be easy enough to find a capitalist conspiracy here. Both Rockefeller and Carnegie subscribed to the "gospel of wealth"—the idea that they had been appointed by some higher power to shape society through the instrument of philanthropy. (Rockefeller, a Baptist, believed he was appointed by God; Carnegie, a devout social Darwinist, believed he had risen through evolutionary natural selection.) Medicine was a traditional outlet for philanthropy; and, within medicine, the two robber-barons-turned-philanthropists would be expected to favor the gentleman-scientist breed of doctor over the sundry competition—"irregulars," low-class regulars, lady doctors, midwives, etc.
But it was not that simple. Rockefeller, for example, placed his personal trust in homeopathy, that archrival of regular medicine. Moreover, as one otherwise uncritical biographer points out, Rockefeller "had sharp limitations of education and outlook; he was not well read, not much interested in literature, science, or art. ..." Carnegie presented another kind of problem: he had a profound distrust of "experts" and had made it clear that they were the "last men" he wanted on the board of the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh. Business entrepreneurs, he believed, were the most progressive force in society and should exert direct control over philanthropic and educational institutions:
Americans do not trust their money to a lot of professors and principals [college presidents] who are bound in set ways, and have a class feeling about them which makes it impossible to make reforms.
But two things drove Rockefeller and Carnegie, and their money, into the arms of medicine's scientific reformers. First, there was the philanthropists' own insistence on absolute impartiality and objectivity in their giving. Recall that these two men were about as widely hated by their fellow country-people as any American could be and expected to ride the streets without a police escort. Their charity had to be as seemingly impartial and detached as their money-making had been ruthless. ... Of course such a determined impartiality contained an inevitable bias toward any cause which could represent itself as purely "scientific."
Second, Rockefeller and Carnegie simply could not spend their money all by themselves. Despite the "gospel of wealth" which upheld the plutocrat's unique and personal ability to dispense charity, both men were forced to delegate more and more of the responsibility for managing their philanthropic enterprises. In time philanthropy became institutionalized in corporate-style foundations, but initially there was no one to turn to except, of course, experts—experts in philanthropy. Such men identified with the scientific approach to medicine because it mirrored their own approach to philanthropy. If philanthropy was a matter of sentiment, then rich men could handle it themselves, but if it was a matter of science, then experts would have to do it for them.
The first of the philanthropic experts was Frederick T. Gates, an ex-teacher, ex-farmer, ex-bank clerk, ex-salesman, ex-minister, and, as far as one can tell, general hustler from Minneapolis. When John D. found him in 1891, Gates was heading up something called the American Baptist Education Society and saw himself principally as a minister. But, once established with an office and secretary by Rockefeller, Gates took a more secular turn of mind. To paraphrase one historian, Gates found himself converted from Baptism to Scientism. He came to the conclusion that "the whole Baptist fabric was built upon texts which had no authority. ..." In his work for Rockefeller, he developed what he called "scientific giving," which chiefly meant funneling money through relatively large centralized agencies rather than handing it out piecemeal to small agencies.
Then, in 1897, Gates read Johns Hopkins Professor Osler's Principles and Practice of Medicine and was converted overnight to scientific medicine. There was not much to the "practise," as Gates wrote, but the "principles" were first rate. Gates immediately dashed of a memo to John D. Rockefeller urging the support of medical research and the development of scientifically based medicine.
The bait was set, and medicine's gentleman-scientists began to close in on the money. The story goes that Dr. L. Emmett Holt, pediatrician to the family of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and a member of the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church attended by the Rockefeller family, converted John D. Rockefeller, Jr., to scientific medicine during a train ride between Cleveland and New York. John Jr. was sufficiently impressed to offer Holt and six of his friends—including the dean of Johns Hopkins medical school and several well-known biological scientists and professors—the money to open a new research institute. These seven men, all united by ties of friendship and common academic interests, accepted twenty thousand dollars from Rockefeller and became the first board of directors of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. The money had begun to come together with the men.
The Rockefeller Institute brought all the glamour and mystery of European laboratory research to America. Here at last was a place where medicine's pure scientists could labor undistracted by patients or financial worries. But to Gates, it was much more—it was a "theological seminary, presided over by the Rev. Simon Flexner, D.D." It was a model not only of medical science, but of the gentility to which medicine aspired. The main building featured an enormous paneled dining hall in which the researchers, in obligatory jackets and ties, were served by uniformed waiters. ...
By the mid-nineteen sixties, the Rockefeller Institute, with an endowment of close to $200 million and a staff of over fifteen hundred, remained committed to the patrician ideal. There were chamber music concerts every other week in Caspary Hall; Calders and Klines hanging in the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller dining hall; sherry parties with David Rockefeller. The aim, according to then-president Detlev Bronk, who had been a student and friend of the Institute's founders, was to produce "gentleman scientists."
The Rockefeller Institute and Johns Hopkins (the first American medical school with labs and full-time professors) stood out as citadels of scientific medicine and within a few years they were to produce a stream of important discoveries in bacteriology and immunology. But these two institutions could not, by sheer force of example, produce all the desired "reforms" in medicine. The next step was to weed out the "irregular," non-scientific, and generally low-class medical schools and see that philanthropic funds were channeled into the few institutions which could hope to meet scientific standards. To this end the AMA's Council on Medical Education, an elite committee composed of research-oriented doctors, approached the Carnegie Foundation in 1907.
The Council on Medical Education had already done a nationwide survey of medical schools, rated them, and decided which ones should be purged and which provided for. What they needed from the Carnegie Foundation at this point was not its money, but its imprimatur. The AMA could easily be accused of sectarianism and self-interest, but the Carnegie Foundation, with its board composed of an impeccable roster of university presidents, had a reputation for expertise and impartiality. The foundation's president "at once grasped the possibilities" in the AMA proposal and agreed to finance a new, completely "objective" study of medical education.
To make sure that the Carnegie study would not be tarnished with medical sectarianism of any variety, a layman was hired to do the job—one Abraham Flexner, who happened to be the brother of Simon Flexner, M.D., director of the Rockefeller Institute, and was himself a graduate of Johns Hopkins University. The resulting Flexner Report, which has been hailed by most medical historians as the most decisive turning point in American medical history, was about as unbiased as, say, a television commercial for a cold remedy. There were, according to Flexner, "too many" doctors in the United States and they were too low class—any "crude boy or jaded clerk" was able to get medical training. Some black doctors would be needed, if only to check the spread of disease from black to white neighborhoods: "ten millions of them live in close contact with sixty million whites," Flexner pointed out. Few women doctors were needed, though, he observed. The evidence? The lack of "any strong demand for women physicians or any strong ungratified desire on the part of women to enter the profession." (!) ...
What Abraham Flexner did in 1909 was probably every bit as important as what he wrote. He traveled to every medical school in the country, and there were about 160 at the time. Being from Carnegie, he smelled of money. Being a Flexner, he sounded like Science. His message was simple: conform to the Johns Hopkins model, complete with laboratories in all sciences, salaried professors, etc., or close. For the smaller, poorer schools, this could only mean one thing: close. For the bigger and better schools (i.e., those which, like Harvard, already had enough money to begin to institute the prescribed reforms), it meant the promise of fat foundation grants for further reforms. In fact, the published report was to serve as a convenient guidebook for medical philanthropists. It found that only about 15 percent of the nation's medical schools began to meet "scientific" standards, and identified as salvageable those which were already big, rich, and prestigious. In the twenty years following the publication of the Flexner Report, the nine largest foundations poured over $150 million—one half of what they gave for all purposes—into medical education, adhering strictly to the standards set by Flexner.
The effects of the crusade to "reform" medical education which had begun in the late nineteenth century and culminated, symbolically, with the Flexner Report, were already visible in the teens. Between 1904 and 1915, ninety-two medical schools closed down or merged. The "irregular" schools descended from the Popular Health Movement (which had been a haven for women students) closed in droves; and seven out of ten exclusively female medical colleges shut down. Between 1909 and 1912, the proportion of medical graduates who were women dropped from 4.3 percent to 3.2 percent. Blacks fared even worse, losing all but two (Meharry and Howard) of the original seven black medical schools.
When it came to the social-class composition of medicine, the "reforms" were equally decisive. The regular schools offering low-cost medical training to working- and lower-middle-class youths went the way of the schools for women and black people. Beyond that, Flexner had set a minimum of two years of college education as a requirement for entrance to medical school. At a time when less than 5 percent of the college age population was enrolled in a college or university, this requirement alone closed the medical schools to all but the upper and upper-middle class.
It could be argued that these measures were necessary. A majority of the schools closed by the medical reformers undoubtedly were too small and poorly equipped to offer an adequate medical education. But there could have been an alternative strategy for reform—to spread out the wealth so that many more schools could be improved. This would have left medical education open to large numbers of people. But that, of course, was exactly what the doctors were trying to avoid. With the strategy the foundations chose, medicine became ever more the property of an elite—white, male, and overwhelmingly upper-middle class. Beyond that, the scientific reformers never questioned the real medical value of the professional requirements they sought to impose. The requirement of lengthy scientific training, for example, guaranteed that doctors would be largely from privileged backgrounds, but it did not guarantee that they would have any more practical experience and human empathy than the uneducated healers they replaced.
The rank-and-file regular doctor watched the reforms with mixed feelings. By and large the rank-and-file distrusted scientific medicine and the elite doctors who crusaded for it. New York doctors used to walk out on medical papers dealing with the Germ Theory of Disease because "They wanted to express their contemptuous scorn for such theories and refused to listen to them." ...
Only under pressure from public health authorities and the public would the doctors agree to try diphtheria antitoxin or report TB cases. Those who did subscribe to the Germ Theory of Disease often used it to justify the glad-handed prescribing of alcohol—it killed germs, didn't it? Then too, it must have been painful to watch one's alma mater branded as "third rate" by a mere layman like Flexner who had never driven out to an emergency in a blizzard or held a dying person's hand. (Even the elite felt this change. Hopkins professor William Osler quipped to his colleague William Welch, "We are lucky to get in as professors, for I am sure that neither you nor I could ever get in as students.")
But despite all this, the rank-and-file were not about to buck the reform movement. Medicine's scientific elite were achieving through a precise and methodical campaign what the rank-and-file could never have achieved through bluster and politicking. The competition was falling, and the regulars had all but captured the field. In the eighteen hundreds licensing laws which had been thrown out or emasculated in the thirties and forties had been reinstated, but the laws did not exclude "irregular" doctors, so long as they were trained. Now, as part of the scientific reforms, licensing examination were brought into line with the standards of the most scientific, regular schools. And, at the same time, most states ruled that practicing medicine without a license was a crime punishable not by a fine, or a reprimand, but a prison sentence. The regular sect had gained, at long last, a legal monopoly over the practice of medicine.
And, probably to the great relief of many a practitioner, all this was achieved without ever having to purge the ranks of the existing regulars. The purifying reign of terror which the reformers brought to the schools was never visited on the practitioners themselves. The average practitioner was still free to go around bleeding consumptives, mumbling about "humors," and hooking housewives on opium. To this day, the profession views its most unscientific and outright murderous members with a spirit of gentle forbearance. The standards erected to exclude the "crude boys"—and the girls in general—have never been applied to those who have already entered the brotherhood.
A truly scientific medicine would, of course, have to be self-critical, would have to subject its practitioners to continual evaluation and review. But that could hardly be done without putting a few cracks in the patrician image which regular medicine had fought for so long to achieve. "I warn all of you not to uncover the mistakes of a fellow practitioner," J.E. Stubbs, M.D., wrote in an 1899 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association:
... because, if you do, it will come back like a boomerang, and it will sting to the bitter end. ... We do wrong when we do not try to cover up the mistakes of our brethren. There are many cases that require extreme surgical dexterity and a large amount of knowledge in order to operate successfully; yet those who are operating all the time make mistakes. We have to do a great many things empirically, and if we tell people ... this or that physician has made a great blunder, it hurts him; it hurts the community, because the opinion of the physician in society is considered authority, and particularly in the community in which he lives, among his associates and friends. They consult him as they do no other man; they consult him more confidentially and give up their secrets to him more unreservedly than they do to their priest or minister.
Stubbs, clearly, was not tortured by a nagging loyalty to science. The doctor who aspired to the patriarchal authority once held by the "priest or minister" could not be bothered with picayune technical criticisms.
The aspirations—and achievements—of nineteenth-century regular medicine can all be summarized in the figure of one man: Sir William Osler. He not only played a role in the medical-reform movement; to thousands of admirers, he was the goal of it. He was a professor at Johns Hopkins medical school, author of the textbook that turned Frederick Gates on to scientific medicine, and, although he never did any original research in his life, he could expound on the scientific renaissance of medicine in hundred-word-long Victorian sentences gracefully adorned with references to the Greek and Latin classics. The rank-and-file regulars loved him. From "the Atlantic to the Pacific ... [a visitor] ... will find a picture of Osler hanging on the wall in almost every doctor's house." The Osler portraits reminded doctors that medicine was about something more than money, more, even, than science—a mystical kind of power that flowed not just from what the doctor did, but from who he was.
He himself was, by any standards, an aristocrat among physicians. The son of a clergyman (like a surprisingly large number of the scientists of his generation), he studied medicine at McGill and then made the pilgrimage to the great German university laboratories. His combination of good breeding and scientific education quickly brought him to the attention of America's medical elite. According to Osler's memoirs, S. Weir Mitchell traveled to Leipzig for the University of Pennsylvania:
... "to look me over," particularly with reference to personal habits. Dr. Mitchell said there was only one way in which the breeding of a man suitable for such a position [professor of clinical medicine], in such a city as Philadelphia, could be tested—give him cherry-pie and see how he disposed of the stones. I had read of the trick before, and disposed of them genteely in my spoon—and got the Chair. ...
Osler's subsequent career as a professor, author, lecturer, and physician to the social elite of Europe and North America (he treated the Prince of Wales) culminated in his receiving a baronetcy—hence the "Sir"—from Queen Victoria in 1911. He saw himself as one link in a genteel tradition which stretched back to Hippocrates, whom he credited with the first "conception and realization of medicine as a profession of a cultivated gentleman." "The way is clear," he told students, as if regular medicine had never known a moment of self-doubt, "blazed for you by generations of strong men. ..."
To a generation of doctors who were still anxious about evolution and skeptical about germs, Osler provided much-needed reassurance. The patriarchal authority of the doctor, he argued, rests on something more ancient and venerable than science. Science itself was not something integral to medicine; it was a kind of extra, "an incalculable gift," a "leaven" to the hardworking practitioner. Science, in fact, was just one part of the general "culture" the physician needed if he was to serve a wealthy clientele. As part of the doctor's general "culture," science could also serve as a kind of disinfectant to protect him in "the most debasing surroundings," such as those inhabited by the poor. "Culture" became all the more important, of course, with a wealthy patient clientele:
The wider and freer a men's [sic] general education the better practitioner he is likely to be, particularly among the higher classes to whom the reassurance and sympathy of a cultivated gentleman of the type of Eryximachus [an aristocratic ancient Greek doctor], may mean much more than pills and potions.
So if science was culture, and culture was really class, then, in the end, it was class that healed. Or rather, it was the combination of upper class and male superiority that gave medicine its essential authority. With a patriarchal self-confidence that had almost no further need for instruments, techniques, medications, Osler wrote:
If a poor lass, paralyzed apparently, helpless, bed-ridden for years, comes to me, having worn out in mind, body, and estate a devoted family; if she in a few weeks or less by faith in me, and faith alone, takes up her bed and walks, the saints of old could not have done more. ...
Now at last the medical profession had arrived at a method of faith-healing potent enough to compare with woman's traditional healing—but one which was decisively masculine. It did not require a nurturant attitude, nor long hours by the patient's bedside. In fact, with the new style of healing, the less time a doctor spends with a patient, and the fewer questions he permits, the greater his powers would seem to be. ...
There was one last matter to clean up before the triumph of (male) scientific medicine would be complete, and that was the "midwife problem." In 1900, 50 percent of the babies born were still being delivered by midwives. Middle- and upper-class women had long since accepted the medical idea of childbirth as a pathological event requiring the intervention and supervision of a (preferably regular) physician. It was the "lower" half of society which clung to the midwife and her services: the rural poor and the immigrant working class in the cities. ...
The early-twentieth-century midwife was an integral part of her community and culture. She spoke the mother's language, which might be Italian, Yiddish, Polish, Russian. She was familiar not only with obstetrical techniques, but with the prayers and herbs that sometimes helped. She knew the correct ritual for disposing of the afterbirth, greeting the newborn, or, if necessary, laying to rest the dead. She was prepared to live with the family from the onset of labor until the mother was fully recovered. ...
All of this was highly "unscientific," not to mention unbusinesslike. But the problem, from the point of view of medical leaders, was that the midwife was in the way of the development of modern institutional medicine. One of the reforms advanced by medicine's scientific elite was that students should be exposed somewhere along the line not only to laboratories and lectures but to live patients. But which live patients? Given the choice, most people would want to avoid being an object of practice for inexperienced medical students. Certainly no decent woman in 1900 would want her delivery witnessed by any unnecessary young males. The only choice was the people who had the least choice—the poor.
And so the medical schools, the most "advanced" ones anyway, began to attach themselves parasitically to the nearest "charity" hospital. In an arrangement which has flourished ever since, the medical school offered its medical trainees as staff for the hospital; the hospital in turn provided the raw "material" for medical education—the bodies of the sick poor. The moral ambiguities in this situation were easily rationalized away by the leaders of scientific medicine. As a doctor on the staff of Cornell Medical College put it:
There are heroes of war, who give up their lives on the field of battle for country and for principle, and medical heroes of peace, who brave the dangers and horrors of pestilence to save life; but the homeless, friendless, degraded and possibly criminal sick poor in the wards of a charity hospital, receiving aid and comfort in their extremity and contributing each one his modest share to the advancement of medical science, render even greater service to humanity.
Medical science now called on poor women to make their contribution to that "most beneficent and disinterested of professions." Obstetrics-gynecology was America's most rapidly developing specialty, and midwives would just have to get out of the way. ... A Dr. Charles E. Zeigler [wrote] in an article addressed to his colleagues in the Journal of the American Medical Association:
It is at present impossible to secure cases sufficient for the proper training in obstetrics, since 75% of the material otherwise available for clinical purposes is utilized in providing a livelihood for midwives.
Note the curious construction here: "the material ... is utilized ..." The woman who was seen by her midwife as a neighbor, possibly a friend, was, in the eyes of the developing medical industry, not even a customer: she has become inert "material."
The public campaign against midwives was, of course, couched in terms of the most benevolent concern for the midwives' clientele. Midwives were "hopelessly dirty, ignorant and incompetent, relics of a barbaric past."
They may wash their hands, but oh, what myriads of dirt lurk under the fingernails. Numerous instances could be cited and we might well add to other causes of pyosalpinx "dirty midwives." She is the most virulent bacteria of them all, and she is truly a micrococcus of the most poisonous kind.
Furthermore the midwife and, as we shall see, dirtiness in general, were un-American. Overturning almost three hundred years of American history, obstetricians A.B. Emmons and J.L. Huntington argued in 1912 that midwives are
not a product of America. They have always been here, but only incidentally and only because America has always been receiving generous importations of immigrants from the continent of Europe. We have never adopted in any State a system of obstetrics with the midwife as the working unit. It has almost been a rule that the more immigrants arriving in a locality, the more midwives will flourish there, but as soon as the immigrant is assimilated, and becomes part of our civilization, then the midwife is no longer a factor in his home.
In the rhetoric of the medical profession, the midwife was no more human than her clientele. She was a foreign "micrococcus" brought over, as was supposedly the case with other germs, in the holds of ships bearing immigrant workers. The elimination of the midwife was presented as a necessary part of the general campaign to uplift and Americanize the immigrants—a mere sanitary measure, beyond debate. ...
In fact, the doctors were not prepared, in any sense of the word, to take over once the midwives were eliminated. For one thing, there were simply not enough obstetricians in the United States to serve the masses of poor and working-class women, even if the obstetricians were inclined to do so. According to historian Ben Barker-Benfield, "even a hostile obstetrician admitted in 1915 that 25 percent of births in New York State outside New York City would be deprived entirely of assistance when the midwife was eliminated."
Then too, obstetricians introduced new dangers into the process of childbirth. Unlike a midwife, a doctor was not about to sit around for hours, as one doctor put it, "watching a hole"; if the labor was going too slow for his schedule he intervened with knife or forceps, often to the detriment of the mother or child. Teaching hospitals had an additional bias toward surgical intervention since the students did have to practice something more challenging than normal deliveries.
The day of the totally medicalized childbirth—hazardously overdrugged and overtreated—was on its way. By the early twentieth century it was already clear even to some members of the medical profession that the doctors' takeover was a somewhat dubious episode in the history of public health. A 1912 study by a Johns Hopkins professor found that most American doctors at the time were less competent than the midwives they were replacing. The physicians were usually less experienced than midwives, less observant, and less likely to even be present at a critical moment.
But, between 1900 and 1930, midwives were almost totally eliminated from the land—outlawed in many states, harassed by local medical authorities in other places. ... With the elimination of midwifery, all women—not just those of the upper class—fell under the biological hegemony of the medical profession. In the same stroke, women lost their last autonomous role as healers. The only roles left for women in the medical system were as employees, customers, or "material."
from For Her Own Good: 150 Years of the Experts' Advice to Women, 1978
submitted by sacredthornapple to 4iR [link] [comments]

2023.03.18 05:58 LAZYTOWWWWWN Quick Codes College BBall Coach 2

QCIDNameReputationMainColorRMainColorGMainColorBSecColorRSecColorGSecColorBStateConference 1North Carolina4123175212255255255NCACC 2Miami32441153308048FLACC 3Abilene Christian17838131255255255TXSouthland 4Air Force1051160143143140COMWC 5Akron143066168153104OHMAC 6Alabama21661249255255255ALSEC 7Alabama A&M110200255255255ALSWAC 8Alabama State10002011510ALSWAC 9Albany1702210723817817NYAEC 10Alcorn State1702210623316719MSSWAC 11American11961846080153DCPatriot 12Appalachian State13434342552040NCSun Belt 13Arizona417153203371AZPAC-12 14Arizona State3142125825519944AZPAC-12 15Arkansas21573453255255255ARSEC 16Arkansas State1204947000ARSun Belt 17Arkansas-Pine Bluff100023817916ARSWAC 18Army1000212191145NYPatriot 19Auburn324210134123564ALSEC 20Austin Peay11861247255255255TNOVC 21Ball State11861247255255255INMAC 22Baylor328605225518425TXBig 12 23Belmont20361052013845TNOVC 24Bethune-Cookman111138612421690FLMEAC 25Binghamton109067000NYAEC 26Boise State2051160214679IDMWC 27Boston College21403450219204164MAACC 28Boston120400255255255MAPatriot 29Bowling Green1254800794429OHMAC 30Bradley116500255255255ILMVC 31Brown156280228043RIIvy League 32Bryant135313217615299RINortheast 33Bucknell12399112056101PAPatriot 34Buffalo2091187255255255NYMAC 35Butler3194175255255255INBig East 36BYU304693255255255UTWCC 37Cal Poly10564917914379CABig West 38CSU Bakersfield1498416325318519CAWAC 39Cal State-Fullerton1039762551210CABig West 40Cal State-Northridge12061738000CABig West 41Sacramento State145739196181129CABig Sky 42California24306625519944CAPAC-12 43Campbell123211934000NCBig South 44Canisius11439862551860NYMAAC 45Central Arkansas17945127129138143ARSouthland 46Central Connecticut State12671132255255255CTNortheast 47Central Michigan110605025520046MIMAC 48Charleston11183547255255255SCColonial 49Charleston Southern104085168153104SCBig South 50Charlotte1010564255255255NCC-USA 51Chattanooga105610722417015TNSoCon 52Chicago State10102102000ILWAC 53Cincinnati2224134000OHAmerican 54The Citadel157117183255255255SCSoCon 55Clemson224510208245128SCACC 56Cleveland State1010677255255255OHHorizon 57Coastal Carolina1011111316211982SCBig South 58Colgate11343851200199199NYPatriot 59Colorado2000207184124COPAC-12 60Colorado State1010677179163105COMWC 61Columbia1056101155203235NYIvy League 62Connecticut301447255255255CTAmerican 63Coppin State10488625520121MDMEAC 64Cornell11792727255255255NYIvy League 65Creighton2092169255255255NEBig East 66Dartmouth109547255255255NHIvy League 67Davidson20001911238NCA-10 68Dayton12061765255255255OHA-10 69Delaware10831592552100DEColonial 70Delaware State123849360153204DEMEAC 71Denver1139355013911175COSummit 72DePaul2570150228043ILBig East 73Detroit Mercy1045114166961MIHorizon 74Drake1059115255255255IAMVC 75Drexel1747772551980PAColonial 76Duke4754164255255255NCACC 77Duquesne1931642111869PAA-10 78East Carolina1884413125519944NCAmerican 79East Tennessee State14306625519944TNSoCon 80Eastern Illinois1051153178178178ILOVC 81Eastern Kentucky1762130255255255KYOVC 82Eastern Michigan1410656255255255MIMAC 83Eastern Washington1161034255255255WABig Sky 84Elon111501018115487NCColonial 85Evansville1823512724311133INMVC 86Fairfield12242062255255255CTMAAC 87Fairleigh Dickinson11633856063135NJNortheast 88Florida42507022048135FLSEC 89Florida A&M124412931013168FLMEAC 90Florida Atlantic105110220400FLC-USA 91Florida Gulf Coast2071133012176FLASUN 92Florida International18306318213444FLC-USA 93Florida State31204764206184136FLACC 94Fordham1149058255255255NYA-10 95Fresno State120405103593CAMWC 96Furman18844131255255255SCSoCon 97Gardner-Webb11662546255255255NCBig South 98George Mason101025125520451VAA-10 99George Washington103874229209157DCA-10 100Georgetown303292198188182DCBig East 101Georgia21861247000GASEC 102Georgia Southern113065163170174GASun Belt 103Georgia State1057166255255255GASun Belt 104Georgia Tech217916310504887GAACC 105Gonzaga4430662001646WAWCC 106Grambling State10002361700LASWAC 107Green Bay1010251255255255WIHorizon 108Hampton13881152255255255VAMEAC 109Hartford11923639255255255CTAEC 110Harvard11652848255255255MAIvy League 111Hawai’i127149178178178HIBig West 112High Point1510114255255255NCBig South 113Hofstra105314525320047NYColonial 114Holy Cross19645137255255255MAPatriot 115Houston22014257255255255TXAmerican 116Houston Baptist10821562488518TXSouthland 117Howard105899255255255DCMEAC 118Idaho State124412132000IDBig Sky 119Idaho1179163105000IDBig Sky 120Illinois31941752327439ILBig Ten 121Illinois State12061738255255255ILMVC 122Illinois-Chicago1931611723045ILHorizon 123Incarnate Word12035159000TXSouthland 124Indiana415300237235235INBig Ten 125Indiana State1166188255255255INMVC 126Iona1102304323417515NYMAAC 127Iowa300025220922IABig Ten 128Iowa State3130365125320047IABig 12 129IPFW100019414214INSummit 130IUPUI11530024119072INSummit 131Jackson State103371255255255MSSWAC 132Jacksonville187868255255255FLASUN 133Jacksonville State120400255255255ALOVC 134James Madison1690132203182119VAColonial 135Kansas4081186232013KSBig 12 136Kansas State38140136255255255KSBig 12 137Kennesaw State111192125318748GAASUN 138Kent State10381002391710OHMAC 139Kentucky4051160255255255KYSEC 140La Salle1048872411960PAA-10 141Lafayette1145041255255255PAPatriot 142Lamar12272555255255255TXSouthland 143Lehigh1754119255255255PAPatriot 144Liberty110377815300VAASUN 145Lipscomb15130842441700TNASUN 146LIU Brooklyn1353132138141143NYNortheast 147Long Beach State125519830000CABig West 148Longwood143066255255255VABig South 149Louisiana Tech12035159048135LAC-USA 150Louisiana-Lafayette12062430255255255LASun Belt 151Louisiana-Monroe112804118914990LASun Belt 152Louisville4201031000KYACC 153Loyola Chicago188414925318519ILMVC 154Loyola Marymount112503004384CAWCC 155Loyola Maryland1010578202202200MDPatriot 156LSU3702912425320835LASEC 157Maine105099176215255MEAEC 158Manhattan1011260255255255NYMAAC 159Marist12001646255255255NYMAAC 160Marquette20511022552040WIBig East 161Marshall1017764255255255WVC-USA 162Maryland30002071645MDBig Ten 163UMES11303651139141142MDMEAC 164UMass11512747255255255MAA-10 165McNeese State10821552552104LASouthland 166Memphis31349130136140143TNAmerican 167Mercer1203837000GASoCon 168Miami OH11823046255255255OHMAC 169Michigan4039762552035MIBig Ten 170Michigan State4246959255255255MIBig Ten 171Middle Tennessee State10121194255255255TNC-USA 172Milwaukee10002551890WIHorizon 173Minnesota3251185601343552MNBig Ten 174Ole Miss22061738203361MSSEC 175Mississippi State310200255255255MSSEC 176Mississippi Valley State1410656255255255MSSWAC 177Missouri219814620444241MOSEC 178Missouri State19409255255255MOMVC 179Monmouth143066255255255NJMAAC 180Montana1102051153153153MTBig Sky 181Montana State10329119115391MTBig Sky 182Morehead State10941842552070KYOVC 183Morgan State1045116255780MDMEAC 184Mount Saint Mary’s1047108255255255MDNortheast 185Murray State2033682361720KYOVC 186North Carolina State320400255255255NCACC 187Navy10072180168126MDPatriot 188Nebraska22282856253242217NEBig Ten 189Omaha10002152532NESummit 190Nevada1153153153051102NVMWC 191New Hampshire143066187188188NHAEC 192New Mexico11861247167168170NMMWC 193New Mexico State21371822000NMWAC 194New Orleans1092166163169173LASouthland 195Niagra18844131255255255NYMAAC 196Nicholls State11961848178178178LASouthland 197Grand Canyon18235152255255255AZWAC 198Norfolk State10122832421690VAMEAC 199North Carolina A&T107013225318539NCMEAC 200North Carolina Central11343851137141141NCMEAC 201North Dakota1015468255255255NDBig Sky 202North Dakota State10866725520046NDSummit 203North Florida1036107217217217FLASUN 204North Texas1013362255255255TXC-USA 205Northeastern122900000MAColonial 206Northern Arizona10521022552100AZBig Sky 207Northern Colorado11601012461760COBig Sky 208Northern Illinois11861247393731ILMAC 209Northern Iowa275171112552040IAMVC 210Northern Kentucky100025519944KYASUN 211Northwestern27842132255255255ILBig Ten 212Northwestern State1734714624713238LASouthland 213Notre Dame31235642011510INACC 214Oakland100018115487MIHorizon 215Ohio1010578255255255OHMAC 216Ohio State32061561176183188OHBig Ten 217Oklahoma31322223221203164OKBig 12 218Oklahoma State32551150000OKBig 12 219Old Dominion105091161209241VAC-USA 220Oral Roberts104796207182124OKSummit 221Oregon30795725122433ORPAC-12 222Oregon State2220685000ORPAC-12 223Pacific124412132000CAWCC 224Penn State204598255255255PABig Ten 225Pennsylvania11530013191PAIvy League 226Pepperdine10329223811836CAWCC 227Pittsburgh2123564179163105PAACC 228Portland1302286255255255ORWCC 229Portland State1217152165172175ORBig Sky 230Prairie View A&M151010225520451TXSWAC 231Presbyterian10961691573453SCBig South 232Princeton1255960000NJIvy League 233Providence2000138141143RIBig East 234Purdue2000206184136INBig Ten 235Quinnipiac110346425518425CTMAAC 236Radford1194127255255255VABig South 237Rhode Island103371117178221RIA-10 238Rice103291193198200TXC-USA 239Richmond104394255255255VAA-10 240Rider11533050108111112NJMAAC 241Robert Morris12035751662546PANortheast 242Rutgers2204051255255255NJBig Ten 243Sacred Heart12051665255255255CTNortheast 244Saint Louis2061165255255255MOA-10 245Sam Houston State124714230255255255TXSouthland 246Samford1038731962239ALSoCon 247San Diego1117190233059112CAWCC 248San Diego State21961848000CAMWC 249San Francisco10846025318748CAWCC 250San Jose State125319192082152CAMWC 251Santa Clara11343851255255255CAWCC 252Savannah State12427723034148GAMEAC 253Seattle117000255255255WAWAC 254Seton Hall2068136255255255NJBig East 255Siena101037125519415NYMAAC 256SIU-Edwardsville120400255255255ILOVC 257SMU15376161204053TXAmerican 258South Alabama1032911911362ALSun Belt 259South Carolina2115010000SCSEC 260South Carolina State113226433070146SCMEAC 261South Dakota100017300SDSummit 262South Dakota State10501602552090SDSummit 263Southeast Missouri State12001646000MOOVC 264Southeastern Louisiana1099652341700LASouthland 265Southern Illinois111400255255255ILMVC 266Southern Miss125520870000MSC-USA 267Southern110517923125519944LASWAC 268Southern Utah12094171567UTBig Sky 269St. Bonaventure2843826255255255NYA-10 270Saint Francis Brooklyn10561682061738NYNortheast 271Saint Francis11893137255255255PANortheast 272Saint John’s21582750000NYBig East 273Saint Joseph’s21947271198PAA-10 274Saint Mary’s264991216036CAWCC 275Saint Peter’s1114206255255255NJMAAC 276Stanford31402121255255255CAPAC-12 277Stephen F. Austin1634285255255255TXSouthland 278Stetson1010371255255255FLASUN 279Stony Brook122366215300NYAEC 280Syracuse4212690255255255NYACC 281TCU37725121255255255TXBig 12 282Temple1153051255255255PAAmerican 283Tennessee32551300255255255TNSEC 284Tennessee State1083159255255255TNOVC 285Tennessee Tech179411322552210TNOVC 286Tennessee-Martin1038732471270TNOVC 287Texas3191870255255255TXBig 12 288Texas A&M28000255255255TXSEC 289Texas A&M-Corpus Christi10103197012762TXSouthland 290Texas Southern11113861162170173TXSWAC 291Texas State180182014111574TXSun Belt 292Texas Tech320400000TXBig 12 293Texas-Rio Grande Valley12551630013261TXWAC 294Toledo121571272552180OHMAC 295Towson10002552040MDColonial 296Troy1109023178179181ALSun Belt 297Tulane1088550164215LAAmerican 298Tulsa1051102245046OKAmerican 299UAB13010782207197128ALC-USA 300Arkansas-Little Rock11103857167169172ARSun Belt 301UC-Davis104085179163105CABig West 302UC-Irvine112356425519944CABig West 303UC-Riverside1451081922411710CABig West 304UC-Santa Barbara107715925518420CABig West 305UCF1000183163105FLAmerican 306UCLA4451041962421690CAPAC-12 307UMBC100025519414MDAEC 308UMKC10821472542030MOWAC 309UNC-Asheville1061165255255255NCBig South 310UNC-Greensboro115326825518327NCSoCon 311UNC-Wilmington10511020102102NCColonial 312UNLV32071044202200200NVMWC 313USC3157345325519944CAPAC-12 314South Carolina Upstate1410656255255255SCBig South 315USF1010371207196147FLAmerican 316UT Arlington1010017724512837TXSun Belt 317UTSA1034682217220TXC-USA 318Utah320400255255255UTPAC-12 319Utah State2153657157150141UTMWC 320Utah Valley1399356255255255UTWAC 321UTEP1430662551300TXC-USA 322Valparaiso15630142552040INHorizon 323Vanderbilt2000168153110TNSEC 324VCU20002551860VAA-10 325Vermont10871625519414VTAEC 326Villanova3038100255255255PABig East 327Virginia32487630354575VAACC 328VMI1255214251741842VASoCon 329Virginia Tech310644622076932VAACC 330Wagner106749255255255NYNortheast 331Wake Forest200015812656NCACC 332Washington35460116232211162WAPAC-12 333Washington State21523050255255255WAPAC-12 334Weber State17538130255255255UTBig Sky 335West Virginia3234170004085WVBig 12 336Western Carolina18944136255255255NCSoCon 337Western Illinois1102511532552040ILSummit 338Western Kentucky11763036255255255KYC-USA 339Western Michigan11086435181161103MIMAC 340Wichita State22552100000KSMVC 341William & Mary117876424017935VAColonial 342Winthrop1135365225520046SCBig South 343Wisconsin3196147255255255WIBig Ten 344Wofford200013611076SCSoCon 345Wright State121055520616082OHHorizon 346Wyoming173473625519637WYMWC 347Xavier2334878165167168OHBig East 348Yale1053107255255255CTIvy League 349Youngstown State12001646255255255OHHorizon
submitted by LAZYTOWWWWWN to CollegeBBallCoach [link] [comments]

2023.03.17 20:45 Heerokun [Tokyo Joshi card primer ] Tokyo Joshi GRAND PRINCESS '23 Ariake Coliseum 3/19/2023

[Tokyo Joshi card primer ] Tokyo Joshi GRAND PRINCESS '23 Ariake Coliseum 3/19/2023
Tokyo Joshi Pro Wrestling will air its 03/18 GRAND PRINCESS ‘23 show live from Ariake Coliseum.
Those with Wrestle Universe can watch the show here.
Those who are interested in the show but do not yet subscribe to Wrestle Universe but would like to get a teaser of the show, the preshow, opening match and match 2 will stream on Tokyo Joshi’s official YouTube channel. Direct link to the stream can be found here
Opening bell for the event is 3:00 pm on Saturday, March 18th in Japan. That's 2:00 am Saturday, March 18th Eastern US time and 11:00 pm Friday, March 17th Pacific. (I believe it’s 6:00 am Saturday, March 18th in the U.K.)
If you are new to Tokyo Joshi and would like to know more about the promotion you can check out my "Beginner's guide to Tokyo Joshi" It’s just slightly out of date doesn’t include the 2023 rookies however it should give you the gist of things.

3/18 card:


Main Event – Princess of Princess championship title match

  • Yuka Sakazaki (champion) VS Mizuki (challenger)

Semi-final match – Princess tag championship match

  • Wasteland War Party [MAX the Impaler & Heidi Howitzer] (champions) VS 121000000 [Miyu Yamashita & Maki Itoh] (challengers)

Match 8 – International Princess championship match

  • Miu Watanabe (champion) VS Rika Tatsumi (challenger)

Match 7 – Special singles match

  • Yuki Arai VS Aja Kong

Match 6 – Tag team match

  • NEO-Biishikigun [Saki-sama, & Mei San-Michelle] VS Yuki Kamifuku & Billie Starks

Match 5 – Tag team match

  • Kyouraku Kyoumei [Shoko Nakajima & Hyper Misao] VS Neko Haruna & Andreza Giant Panda

Match 4 – Special singles match

  • Moka Miyamoto VS Ryo Mizunami
Match 3 – 6 woman tag match

  • Hikari Noa, Nao Kakuta & Ram Kaicho VS Yuki Aino, Raku & Harajuku Pom

Match 2 Haru Kazashiro & Runa Okubo debut 8 woman tag match

  • Mahiro Kiryu, HIMAWARI, Wakana Uehara & Shino Suzuki VS Kaya Toribami, Touga, Haru Kazashiro & Runa Okubo

Opening match – Singles match

  • Suzume VS Arisu Endo


  • Tokyo Joshi will hold its their huge spring event Grand Princess ’23 on March 18th at Ariake Coliseum. This will be the first joshi pro wrestling event held within its walls in over 19 years. This will be the second year that Tokyo Joshi holds this mega event and is their first mega show of 2023. This comes after highly successful string of major events in 2022. This show is set to have 10 matches.

  • There is an underlying theme on this show of tag partners and friends battling on another for something important and this culminates with the main event. Yuka Sakazaki and Mizuki have been tag partners and near inseparable friends since their team formed in 2018. They are almost never even placed on opposite sides of a multi-person tag match. They hate fighting one another if they can help it. However, there are just some things that are so important that you must fight for. On the January 4th show a battle royal was planned pitting some of Tokyo Joshi’s top contenders against one another for the next shot at whoever came out champion at the end of the show between Miyu and Yuka. Mizuki would win this match, and was declared the next contender. She would never proactively challenge Yuka for the PuriPuri title but once Yuka defeated Miyu, the match was set. So now, there’s a swirl of emotions surrounding the match. For Yuka, leading Tokyo Joshi and holding the title are extremely important. She will defend the belt with all her might, but she’s scared because she’s convinced that she’ll win and she’s worried that Mizuki will hate her for it. Overconfidence? Maybe, but Mizuki and Yuka have had had a handful of singles matches over the years, and the best Mizuki has ever been able to do is wrestle her to a draw. She has never beaten Yuka. But the drive to become champion has become stronger and stronger since Mizuki started with ToJo. She’s seen the champions, especially Yuka, carry Tokyo Joshi on their backs as champion and Mizuki has grown to love ToJo more and more since she started as a regular and eventually a signed wrestler that she wants the chance to herself carry ToJo on her back and lead the roster and company that she loves so dearly on her back. This will be her fifth time challenging for the belt and she’s more determined than ever to get it even if she has to go through her beloved partner Yuka to get it. It won’t be easy. Yuka has been near unstoppable recently. She completely outclasses Mizuki in terms of power and strength, and is comparable to her in speed if she needs it. Yuka and Mizuki both have aerial ability and a wealth of submissions with their deep knowledge of one another its difficult to say one has a clear advantage over the other. Yuka has several potential strategies to victories, she could try for an all out assault and just deal enough damage Mizuki enough to win. She could also try to focus on damaging Mizuki’s legs as she needs them for many of her attacks including stomps, running dropkicks and her cutie special. Mizuki’s strategies are similar, she could also potentially go for Yuka’s legs to hamper Yuka’s offense. Mizuki could also try working on busting up Yuka’s ribs with double stomps and other attacks to potentially inhibit Yuka’s breathing. There’s also the possibility of a trap pin which should never be discounted when Mizuki is involved. However the match goes down, its bound to be a thrill for fans

  • Since January 4th of this year, the Princess Tag championship have been under outsider control. The Wasteland War Party which consists of Heidi Howitzer and MAX the Impaler defeated Yuki Arai and Saki Akai at Kourakuen Hall and returned to the U.S. with the pink belts in tow. In the meantime, Tokyo Joshi held their now annual MAX HEART tag tournament to determine the next challengers for the belts. Of the 10 teams participating, Maki Itoh and Miyu Yamashita’s 121000000 (one to million) managed to break through the competition and assert themselves as the next challengers to the titles. This is especially impressive given Miyu’s past record when it comes to tournaments (granted she wasn’t the one to win the final match, but still.) Currently, the Wasteland War Party is bringing the belts back to Grand Princess after defending them 3 times in America. 121000000 hopes to reclaim them for ToJo in this match. Maki even promised Pom that she would reclaim the stuff MAX took from Pom. But will it be that simple? It’s a ticking clock situation. Maki and Miyu are both primarily strike type wrestlers with an intermixing of slams and submissions. Neither are known for their counter or parry specialists so while they’ll both likely be able to avoid some damage, they need to be inflicting more damage more often than Heidi and MAX are able to dole out. Heidi and MAX are two of the biggest wrestlers to ever appear in ToJo and they are well known for their brawling style and a strong constitution. It take a lot to bring either one of them down. So the central question is can the challengers deal enough damage to the extremely resilient champions to get a win before succumbing the pounding that Heidi and MAX are bound to give?

  • This is another match that follows the theme of partners battling it out. Rika has challenged Miu for her International Princess title. With Miu defending the belt 3 times now, Rika has seen how Miu has glittered as the champion and has felt a bit of jealousy because of it. She too wants to shine with the belt and take on international talent. She has also noted that if she wins she’ll have held all the belts in ToJo (and the ironman heavymetalweight belt) and would be the first to be considered what she calls a grand slam champion. The last time these two battled, their roles were ironically reversed. Miu was Rika’s first challenger after she captured PuriPuri. They’ve both developed since then so while Rika may have beaten Miu in 2021, her victory is anything but assured here. This match will be quite interesting again given how well the two competitors know one another. Rika is a technical wrestler at her base, she’s got a lot submissions and limb damaging attacks in her bag of tricks she’s especially well known for destroying her opponent’s legs with vicious precision. Miu on the other hand is a power wrestler with 20 pounds of heart in a 5-pound bag. She will run into her opponent until she has nothing left. Miu excels at finding ways to get back into a fight when things seem all but lost. She has the strength to pick up everyone on the roster for a slam or a swing. Speaking of the swing, Rika has consistently pointed out how much she hates being spun. She has something of a complex about it. Miu’s competitors have all tried to gameplan for the swing, but Miu’s cleverness has always allowed her to successfully execute the move in some form. Will this be the deciding factor of the match? Will Rika be able to avoid it? This match is expected to be one of the highlights of the show. Look forward to it.

  • The special singles match for this show features joshi legend Aja Kong battling against SKE48 star and young ToJo wrestler, Yuki Arai. This will be Arai’s 3rd confrontation with Aja and her first singles match. Their first match took place at Wrestle Princess 2 roughly a year and a half ago when Arai teamed with Miu Watanabe to take on Aja and Moka Miyamoto. While Arai lost this match, it was a major turning point in her career and made her want to learn more about wrestling. She decided to continue wrestling and grow stronger. Now that she has a one on one opportunity with Aja, she really wants to use her “Finally” finisher and take a win. But this is far easier said than done. For herself, Aja is taking the challenge quite seriously. Yuki’s idol career matters little to the joshi legend, Aja considers her a wrestler and will come at her full force. She’s studied Arai and is thinking of countermeasures for much of Arai’s offense. She fully expects Arai to do the same. Arai’s has a real uphill battle in this match. She is outmatched in terms of both strength and experience. Furthermore, much of Arai’s standard offense is unlikely to work due to Aja’s size. Arai will primarily have to rely on her various kicks and her advantage in speed and agility to gain the upper hand. She needs to be wary of Aja’s Uraken and backdrop especially. Arai is tenacious and has shown herself to be surprisingly resilient for her size, but she’ll need to summon all her strength and grit to be able to weather the storm that is Aja Kong.

  • NEO-Biishikigun is back! Saki-sama and Mei-san are returning to Tokyo Joshi after not being seen since this time last year. For those not familiar with the Saki-sama and her household of loyal followers, her credo is that beauty is strength and strength is beauty. She despises ugliness an often seems to see it permeate throughout ToJo. She is one of the strongest wrestlers in Tokyo Joshi’s ranks and has had numerous confrontations with may of its major stars. The ToJo landscape almost always gets shaken when Saki-sama and her allies appear so be ready for anything. This time around NEO-Biishikigun are matched up against Kamiyu and Billie Starkz. Its been over 3 years since Kamiyu has faced off against Saki-sama and she has no experience with her newest maid Mei-san. This of course will be Billie’s first time dealing with the beautiful duo. As a first time pairing, is there any way Kamiyu and Billie can stand against NEO-Biishikigun, a team that has numerous times climbed to the top of Tokyo Joshi’s tag division and is often beautifully unscrupulous in their avenues to victory? Only time will tell.

  • Pray that there’s still an arena left to perform in after these titans clash. Hero of love and peace in Tokyo Joshi teams up with a big kaiju to defend the masses from a wild giant panda and its house pet. You heard correctly, Hyper Misao and Shoko Nakajima will be battling Andreza Giant Panda and Neko Haruna in an epic struggle at Ariake Colosseum. Kyouraku Kyoumei have likely spent the lead up to the match developing numerous response plans for the incoming global neko-panda threat. Andreza has been terrorizing the Japanese wrestling scene for a number of years now. His headbutt and powerful chops can easily knock out even some of the toughest opponents so Shoko and PaMi will need all their faculties and possibly some bamboo if they hope to survive this black and white peril.

  • Recently it feels like going through Aniki is a rite of passage for the younger members of the ToJo roster. Last year at Summer Sun princess, Aniki faced off against Miu Watanabe. Then at Wrestle Princess 3 it was Suzume’s turn to take on the task. Now, Moka has been selected to battle the veteran joshi. This is the biggest challenge Moka has faced in her young career. Aniki is a 15 year veteran of the ring who has wrestled in most of the major joshi companies of the last 2 decades as well as overseas. She has posed a threat to most of the major players in joshi wrestling over the last few years. Moka has never faced a powerhouse of Ryo’s caliber before. In the match she’ll want to do her best to avoid Aniki’s powerful striking and slams. Moka is not normally a stick and move type wrestler but in this match-up she’s completely outmatched in terms of strength, so wrestling Aniki to the ground and locking her up in submissions, even Moka’s powerful Rashomon, will be difficult. Good luck Moka!

  • An interesting 6 woman tag has been set for this show. On one side there’s the regular 3 woman pairing of Yuki Aino, Raku and Pom. On the other side of the match, Free wifi, Nao and Hikari, are joined by the person that makes this match interesting: Ram Kaicho! Ram hasn’t been seen in Tokyo Joshi since Grand Princess last year. Many fans will remember her spectacular entrance at that show leading Raku down the aisle…er.. entrance ramp. Thus, Ram being on the opposite team from Raku is a big surprise. What will happen when Raku and Ram square off is anyone’s guess. This match is filled with chaos agents with 4 out of the 6 competitors in the match being instigators of brattish behavior, 1 competitor having the ability to throw ectoplasm, 1 competitor being some kind of magical sleep deity and the most normal person in the match being a complete sympathizer to her partners’ antics. This all adds up to near 100% likelihood that this match will be filled with complete and utter wonderful nonsense. Be ready for it.

  • Match 2 will put much of ToJo’s future talent on display. Mahiro will take Wakana, HIMAWARI and new Up Up Girl, Shino, three wrestlers that have all debuted within the last 3 months, and lead them to battle against Kaya and her team barely experienced rookies, Toga, who has a single match worth of experience, as well as Runa and Haru who will make their in-ring debuts in this match. The amazing statistic here is that Mahiro has more experience wrestling than the combined experience of every other wrestler in the match. Can she use this to her advantage and lead her team to victory? Or will she apologize for everyone’s lack of experience. And what of the newly debuting wrestlers? What will they show us in this match? How will they fare being thrust immediately onto the big stage? Exciting questions to be sure.

  • There is an underlying theme of partners battling throughout the Grand Princess card, that theme begins with the opening match of Suzume vs Arisu. Arisu debuted at the January 4th show in 2021. Suzume was her opponent in her debut match. Since then, the two were paired together as tag partners and quickly gelled both as a team and as friends. While they have battled on occasion on opposing sides of tag team matches, this will be the first one on one confrontation the two have had since that debut match. Going in, there’s no animosity between these two. Their intent is to show off what they can do on a big stage. For Arisu, she knows that Suzume is a strong opponent and she often feels like she is the weak link in their tag team that keeps them from winning in big matches, so she intends to use everything she has to take Suzume down and prove herself a reliable partner. For Suzume, she is the senpai of the team so she she’d rather not lose to a junior but she doesn’t know if it’ll be that simple. She hears Arisu and others sometimes say that Arisu isn’t strong, but she feels that Arisu has gone from a junior that she leads along to a reliable partner that stands beside her as part of their team. She even if she’s the senpai, Arisu is her partner and she doesn’t know who is stronger. This match will provide the current answer to that question. Again, since these two are tag partners they know one another extremely well. They’re both speedy and dynamic wrestlers that will likely bring out the best in one another and one underestimation by either of them could be the deciding factor in the outcome of the match.

  • Wrestle Universe is available both as a website or as an app. The app is available on iOS and for android. You can get more information and find links to download the app here. If the app is not available yet in your country, please check back later. The regions where it is downloadable is steadily increasing.

  • DDT wrestler Chris Brooks and Shota of Ganbare pro wrestling fame will provide play-by-play for this show.

  • Juria Nagano injured her hand during the MAX HEART tag tournament and is currently in recovery. Thusly, she is not scheduled to have a match on this show. However, she is will be at the show and is scheduled for some commentary duties.

  • Natsume Nakayama from the Hello Project! idol group OCHA NORMA will be providing guest commentary for the event. She will be joined in the booth by regular play caller Haruo Murata as well as sports journalist Sayoko Mita and pro wrestling writer Kagehiro Osano who will provide analysis and color commentary.

  • Cheering and kamitape paper streamers will be allowed at this show. So be ready for the full Tokyo Joshi big match experience.

  • The Up Up Girls will debut a new song at this show.

  • Notes for foreigners attending the show:
  1. While mask rules in Japan have relaxed, wearing a mask is still required for attendees of this show.
  2. For those familiar with Kamitape and have the intention to throw it, please only throw during the entrance call for each wrestler. If you are sitting in the stands, please quickly move to the arena to throw without disturbing other patrons and promptly return to your seat.
  3. Special PA announcements for the show will be recorded by Juria Nagano and Moka Miyamoto. Please listen for them in the arena prior to bell time.
  4. There will only be 2 special meet and greets after the Saturday performance. Andreza Giant Panda will be on hand for 2 shot photo ops for 1000 yen each. Also, Neo Biishikigun will be signing for those who purchased portraits during the online sale. No Neo Biishikigun portraits will be available on the day of the show.
  5. All other signings will be held in Asakusabashi the following day starting at noon. Please refer to Tokyo Joshi’s official twitter for the signing schedule.
  6. Portraits for any available wrestlers, as well as pamplets, posters, t-shirts, and the new special “Fun” book will be available at the vendors station at the performance. Unsold portraits will be available the following day in Asakusabashi however it has not been stated what other merchandise will be on hand. Presumably it will.
  7. Universe members generally get a special present at Tokyo Joshi shows. If you are a Wrestle UNIVERSE subscriber. Please present your ticket and profile info (not your username and password, but your user profile) at the designated table to receive your gift.
  8. Those who have purchased arena A seating or higher can claim a special portrait book as part of their seating package. Please present your ticket at the table near the merchandise area where the portrait books can be found to claim your copy.

  • Numerous items are currently available at www.tjpw-store.com including preorder reservations for the new GP23 show pamphlet with preorder bonus of one random signature , entrance music CDs, past show pamphlets, t-shirts and photobooks. Please note that the Japanese TJPW store does not ship internationally so international purchasers must use a 3rd party shipping service when ordering.

Also if you just want to follow along on social media or interact, search for or use #tjpw and #tjpwGP23
submitted by Heerokun to TJPW [link] [comments]

2023.03.17 16:44 AmidstBinary 1970s Ad for windows "PPG - A Concern for the Future"

1970s Ad for windows submitted by AmidstBinary to SaturnStormCube [link] [comments]

2023.03.16 07:12 Justinbryangarcia beginner, first timer on trying supplements, I was given this by a friend who works at GNC telling me they don’t sell these that often since it has no flavor. What are your thoughts on it? Has anyone tried this product? If so how was your experience with it?

beginner, first timer on trying supplements, I was given this by a friend who works at GNC telling me they don’t sell these that often since it has no flavor. What are your thoughts on it? Has anyone tried this product? If so how was your experience with it? submitted by Justinbryangarcia to moreplatesmoredates [link] [comments]

2023.03.15 16:17 hallach_halil Halil's top 10 running backs of the 2023 NFL Draft:

Halil's top 10 running backs of the 2023 NFL Draft:


It’s positional draft rankings time! As I outlined on social media and my most recent video on the biggest risers and fallers from the NFL combine, over the next five-and-a-half weeks, I'öll be releasing top ten lists for each position in the draft. That means two groups every week, starting with running backs and linebackers, and I will follow that theme of talking about an offensive position first and then their defensive counterpart (wide receiver – cornerback, offensive tackle – edge defender, etc.).
As far as this RB class is concerned, we have a legit superstar prospect at the top, who draft evaluators have long held in high regard and were just waiting for to declare. I also think there’s a pretty clear number two – who might actually be underdiscussed – and number three has remained steady throughout this process for me as well. After that, you can argue there’s about ten names in one big bucket, where it largely depends on what flavor your team is looking for. Not all of them will, but I would have no problem with any one of them coming off the board before day. Even after that, there are lots of useful players, who you can find in the later rounds and be contributors for you to a certain degree.
This is how I have them stacked up:


1. Bijan Robinson, Texas

5’11”, 215 pounds; JR

The number one RB recruit in the country for 2020, Robinson had an absolutely ridiculous high school career, rushing for over 2000 yards in three straight seasons and becoming the first guy to be named the top player in the state of Texas twice. As a freshman with the Longhorns, Bijan racked up 899 yards and six touchdowns on just 101 touches, averaging 8.2 yards per carry. In year two, he truly exploded onto the scene, with just over 1400 yards and 15 touchdowns in ten games, which earned him first-team All-Big XII accolades. And he was even better last year, repeating those honors, while being just six yards shy of 1900 total and reaching the end-zone 20 times, making him a first-team All-American, despite some inconsistencies for that Texas offense overall.

+ Can get skinny and slice through lanes at full speed, but also slow-play and then kick into gear once he sticks his foot in the ground, gaining pace through that plant
+ Displays appropriate vision and understanding of concepts, to run from the pistol or shotgun, from single-back, split or I-formation sets, gap or zone schemes, read pullers and be a gadget player on top of it
+ Can alter tempo, cut down his stride and make subtle shifts to his running path smoothly
+ When having to avoid instant penetration, there’s no wasted movement or panic, showcasing the reactionary quickness to avoid that road-bump without going completely off track
+ Has that sudden burst to leave defenders behind in the dust, whether it’s linebackers having him squared up in the hole or DBs slow-playing him out in the flats and trying to wait for him, and he rarely allows tacklers to get a straight wrap on him
+ Shows that ability where he’s surrounded by bodies but somehow appears totally calm, makes his move and just has everybody reaching for air

+ Has the speed to split safeties trying to converge on him in two-high looks or pull away from the pack, when he just gets a seam
+ Naturally strings those moves together in sequence, including the lazy/dead leg and those types of in-and-out moves, And he has some of the greatest effort plays you will ever see from a back, where he is all wrapped up, but he refuses to go down
+ Just a very creative runner, Some of the dramatic head- and foot-fakes by Bijan as well crossing over some guys as if he’s on a basketball court with great curvilinear movement, are just things that you don’t really see from other backs at that size at least
+ May not truck a lot of guys necessarily, but he can really drive through contact and churn out extra yardage, Plus his ability to stiff-arm somebody near the sideline and ride that guy for several is pretty crazy
+ Broke 79 tackles on only 195 carries in 2021 and added eight more broken tackles on 26 receptions, This past season, he forced 104(!) missed tackles (a PFF single-season record) on 257 attempts and racked up 1077 yards after contact (along with 41 explosive runs)

+ Looks so natural catching the ball, which was something I also noted throughout his combine workout (along with what I saw on film)
+ Doesn’t have to slow down when he has turn over the shoulder or slightly reach behind him for the ball – PFF didn’t charge him with any drops and the only questionable ball I can remember was a failed underhand catch on a low ball off an out route
+ The Longhorn coaches made it a priority to find ways of getting the ball in his hands with space, with a lot of swing and seam routes, but also some quick screens when split out wide
+ Can be a legit fifth receiver when you flex him out wide or into the slot in empty sets, with the quick-twitch out of his breaks, but also can attack vertically as part of the pattern on streak and wheel routes
+ Showcases good patience and active feet to square up second- and third-level rushers, along with the quickness to go from being in the A-gap to get a piece of somebody coming unblocked off the opposite edge
+ Lands some forceful chips before releasing into his routes and legitimately slowed down quite a few of the better edge rushers that way

– When having built up momentum and approaches tacklers, Robinson can gain yards through contact effectively, but in tight spaces, you see linebackers wrap and drive him backwards more than you’d like
– You want a dynamic player like this to bring his style to the table, but there’s a little too much tip-toeing behind the line going on with Bijan at this point
– Not always super disciplined with executing run schemes and following the way it’s drawn up, as well as just making sure he gets back to the line of scrimmage, when the defense has won the battle
– Puts his body in vulnerable positions, including getting flipped in the Texas Tech game last season, where it initially looked like he might have broken his neck, and part of that led to his six fumbles since the start of the '21
– Doesn’t consistently strike up and through the target as a pass-protector, allowing them to slip off his blocks, more so as somebody who gets in the way of blitzers

This guy is a human highlight reel, who can zoom past the defense in a hurry if you give him a lane, but even when nothing is there, he can create magic. Robinson did it over and over again these past two years, even though everybody in the stadium knew where the ball was going a lot of times. Becoming a more commanding pass-protector will be his biggest area of improvement, but he has the size and natural gifts to as close as we have to a true workhorse/featured back in football today, and he’s the best prospect at the position I’ve scouted since Saquon Barkley. Because of how the NFL undervalues the position, he won’t nearly go as often, but this is a top-five overall prospect in this class.


2. Jahmyr Gibbs, Alabama

5’11”, 200 pounds; RS SO

A former top-100 overall recruit in 2020, Gibbs immediately produced for the Georgia Tech program as a true freshman, recording nearly 1000 all-purpose yards and seven touchdowns on just 121 touches (eight kick returns). Then he was named a second-team All-American player at the all-purpose spot in '21, thanks to 1211 yards from scrimmage on 178 touches, averaging 6.8 yards per and reaching the end-zone six times. Following that, he transferred over to the SEC, where he really was the main offensive weapon for Alabama and was named first-team all-conference, combining 151 carries and 44 catches to 1370 yards and touchdowns from scrimmage, averaging 7.0 yards per touch.

+ Very much reminds me of Georgia’s James Cook last year, in terms of somebody that if you give him that lane to explode through, he may bang his head on the goal-post soon after
+ This kid is like a sportscar, that can switch gears with no issues at all and make defenders look silly
+ You see Gibbs move laterally on zone concepts and then look like he’s shot out of a cannon as he decides to get vertical and hit the crease, And defenders routinely appear be a little late to come off blocks as he gets into the defensive backfield
+ Has some of the most impressive feet in the draft class and an ability to cut on a moment’s notice, as well as bob and hesitate before slicing through (small) creases
+ For being right around the 200-pound size, Gibbs gladly follows concepts between the tackles and does a nice job of slightly hesitating behind pullers before acceleration through creases
+ His start-stop quickness is off the chart, to where it seems like he’s going full speed, then momentarily moves laterally to make a defender miss and be right back in top gear
+ Moves with the control to almost shuffle sideways to allow the play to develop and then explode through the hole
+ There are moments where it appears he’ll be brought down for no gain, but he somehow torpedoes through a narrow lane, where he slithers off arm-tackles from the side

+ That wiggle he has leads to defenders rarely getting a straight shot at him, constantly dipping underneath defenders after forcing them to leverage him a certain way and just reducing the surface area they can hit
+ Showcases tremendous balance and ability to stay on his feet as he slices underneath blockers in space and there’s some contact, defenders are trying to trip him up and such
+ Times up well when he swipes down with the ball not holding the ball, as tacklers are reaching out for him
+ He may look undersized, but Gibbs breaks more tackles than you’d expect, thanks to the way he dips and pulls his shoulders up through contact when he can’t avoid guys
+ Overall, he forced 69 missed tackles on 232 career attempts with the Yellow Jackets, and he made somebody miss on every fourth carry this past season, along with 15 runs of 15+ yards

+ Has some of the softest hands you’ll find from a college back – dropped only two of 105 career catchable targets
+ At Alabama, he quickly became the top option in the pass game, whether it was on slide, angle and option routes underneath or even down the field quite regularly
+ Was flexed out wide at least 5-10 times per game and his burst off the ball combined with the way he can stop on a dime, got him open on hitches constantly
+ Quickly recognizes and gets to the right solutions on secondary routes and despite his heavy usage in the pattern, Gibbs averaged an impressive 1.83 yards per route run
+ Has that instant acceleration once the ball touches his hands and instantly turns upfield after the catch, while showcasing good feel for space and recognizing defenses around him, Catching passes out in the flats, you see guys trying to run him down whiff as he turns up the sideline
+ You’ll be hard-pressed to find a play, where he catches the ball underneath with space and the first tackler brings him to the ground
+ Getting him out in space with a convoy on screen games screams house-call

– Is constantly looking for the big play and can miss some obvious front-side lanes every once in a while
– Gets a little too cute when he gets the ball on tosses, sweeps, etc. and tries to foot-fake somebody tracking him one-on-one, to get taken down for a loss
– Slips every once in a while when he tries to press a crease hard and his momentum is too far out in front as he’s trying to make his cut
– Definitely runs tougher than his size would indicate, but this is not somebody who’ll get the best of straight-up collisions in the hole with linebackers or sustain a big blow from the side
– Close to a zero when locked into pass-protection, just not having the anchor strength to stymie the charge of blitzing linebackers

When you draft Gibbs, you understand that he’s right around 200 pounds and will never carry the ball 18-20 times per game. I don’t think he’s built to do that, but that would also be a disservice to the style of player he can be for you. The component he can add to your passing game as a matchup asset and just the dynamic open-field skills is highly valuable. Yet, at the same time he is highly capable of reading and executing run schemes between the tackles at a high level, where he packs that instant acceleration to slice through the second level and create explosive plays. He just had an outstanding showcase at the combine, with a 4.36 in the 40, and he looked so smooth in all the on-field drills, to remind people he’s still worthy of consideration for a late first-round pick.


3. Zach Charbonnet, UCLA

6’1”, 220 pounds; SR

A top-50 overall recruit in 2019, Charbonnet had a pretty good debut campaign with Michigan, with 149 carries for 726 yards and 11 touchdowns, but then barely saw the field as a sophomore and transferred ahead of the '21 season. At UCLA he had a fulminant start and put together a strong 12-game season, running it 202 times and catching 24 passes for 1334 total yards and 13 touchdowns, making him a second-team All-Pac-12 selection. Last year, he improved to first-team and earned the AP spot on the second-team All-American squad, by putting up 1680 yards and 14 TDs, increasing his average yards per carry (7.0) and reception (8.7).

+ Runs with incredible balance and force, but also has impressive feet in tight space to navigate traffic
+ Stays true to the run concept and trusts the blocking for the most part, while manipulating defenders to run themselves to the wrong side of blocks
+ Shows the patience and awareness to maximize his lanes to run through, leaning towards where a defender is leveraged and then slicing underneath it, And he’s become better at changing up his pace and navigating through tight areas
+ Can drop his hips and execute jump-cuts after getting the defense to commit as well as anybody in the country
+ Operates from a wide base and sink in his hips as he’s approaching the line vertically and picks his spots with plus vision and short-area agility
+ Has a way of contorting his body to avoid getting hung up in traffic and navigating around it without running himself into a safety waiting for him

+ Will never go down without a fight, A lot of times you will see him with his back to the pile and push off the ground to move forward
+ Charbonnet’s ability to bang his shoulder into the chest of tacklers and the relentless leg-drive allow him to consistently churn out extra yards through contact
+ Rarely takes away his own momentum, pulls his legs through wrap attempts and if you do get in his way after he was able to build up steam, the likelihood is that you’ll get run over
+ This guy’s balance is pretty insane, I’ve seen him be completely airborn around tacklers at times and still land on his feet to keep moving
+ Packs a wicked stiff-arm, which I’ve seen him beat defenders on the edge in one-on-one tackling situations with, as he decides to cut back and works around them
+ Last year he averaged 4.2 yards after contact and forced 52 missed tackles
+ Has some shocking pull-away burst, to where he’s gaining ground on safeties, and his 26 carries of 15+ yards ranked fifth among draft-eligible RBs

+ Showcases some pretty soft hands to not bobble catches at all, which had him only dropping two of 39 catchable targets in 2022
+ Instantly gets upfield after securing the catch and knifes through defenders converging on him on multiple occasions
+ Sets up screen plays tremendously well and understands how to utilize linemen out in front accordingly
+ Carries play-fakes in a very deceptive way and lands some solid chips from the side before releasing into check-downs
+ Does a nice job of striking through the inside shoulder of blitzers and forcing them to take a wider path consistently

– When going (completely) horizontal and having to make that instant cut upfield as he spots penetration, Charbonnet doesn’t have that ability to plant hard off one leg, but rather patters his feet and loses time in the backfield and at times get tackled for loss because of it
– Watching him after some of the dynamic movers at the position in this class, there’s a lack of lateral suddenness to swiftly change lanes or make people miss in tight quarters
– Almost exclusively was used on swing routes and flare-outs when part of the pattern – we don’t really have any sample size to look at for him being used down the field
– The few times he did actually was assigned with routes that include a break, he seems to lack the quick-twitch to consistently separate, When UCLA flexed out defense, they simply locked Charbonnet on the outside and had him just stand there basically on one-step hitches

Charbonnet may not have the same kind of dynamic skill-set as the two guys in front of him, but I would argue he’s best pure runner in this entire class. He’s a legit 220+ pounds and enforces himself physically on defenses, but he’ll make guys miss and run away from them in a hurry, if you don’t respect that part of his game. His usage in his pass game was very simplistic, but there’s nothing wrong with his hands from what I’ve seen on tape and if he can still work on sustaining blocks in blitz-pickup, he can be a legit three-down back. These last two years, he’s earned PFF rushing grades of 91.9 and 92.3 respectively, to strengthen his case for being a top-50 selection.


4. Zach Evans, Ole Miss

5’11”, 200 pounds; JR

The number one overall recruit in the state of Texas, Evans had one of the weirdest enrollment periods I can remember, pushing his announcement back several weeks and ultimately ending up at TCU – their first-ever five-star recruit. He was on track for a big 2021 season, with 648 yards through six games, before getting shut down with a toe injury. Then he decided to transfer to the SEC and join Ole Miss, where he turned 156 touches into 1055 yards and ten touchdowns.

+ Just watching the way he can move on the field, you understand why was once looked at as the number one overall player in the country
+ Has that instant acceleration and does not shy away at all from crashing through narrow creases at full force for tough yardage
+ This guy always seems to be going 100 miles per hour, He has tremendous explosion through the hole and can tightly navigate around blockers with ridiculous curvilinear movement, as well as pull his legs through the reach of tacklers
+ You’ll see him run over defensive ends at the line of scrimmage and drive the pile forward in short-yardage/goal-line situations better than most backs at 220-230 pounds
+ The way he can cut on a dime, slide inside of pursuing defenders and then the quick acceleration to beat guys to a spot is crazy
+ In some instances, where you see him completely stop his momentum and redirect, you feel like this guy has ankles of steel, plus then he gets back to full speed so rapidly that defenders can’t track him
+ You see the burst to get around the corner consistently, and as safeties feel like they have the outside leverage working up the alley, he often times makes them wrong be beating them to the sideline – that’s why Ole Miss tossed him the ball multiple times ever game
+ For as naturally talented as he is, Evans’ ability to recognize penetration, hug blockers and stay true to the run design are beyond what you’d expect from a somebody with less than 300 collegiate carries

+ Offers legit home-run speed to blow through the second level and then give the safety one little head-nod, before forcing that guy to flip his head and chase after him
+ I certainly wouldn’t call Evans a power back, but with how he torpedoes downhill, he can pull through wraps and consistently twists himself forward if he’s built up momentum for a couple of extra yards
+ Displays insane contact balance, to bang off bodies and somehow stay on his feet
+ There are some ridiculous touches on tape, where he’s stumbling and you think he has to go down, but he touches the ground, re-gains control and keeps running, Plus, he consistently pulls himself forward when possible to end his runs
+ Will get you those tough yards by consistently pulling his knees up through contact, and packs a beautiful spin move to work off contact
+ Uses the inside arm very well to swipe down as defenders try to reach out for him making lateral cuts, to not get slowed down by them, as well as extend and almost push off edge defenders as he tries to work around them
+ Forced 36 missed tackles and had 17 runs of 15+ yards on just 144 attempts this past season

+ Catches the ball with ease, whether it’s securing pitches or catching the ball on swing routes without ever slowing down
+ You can really take advantage of Evans’ explosiveness in the screen game, with the way he can hide behind his linemen momentarily before hitting the jets and outracing defenders to certain spots
+ Plus, once he gets to the open field when kicked into gear, he can cross the bend his path and cross the field, to kill multiple pursuit angles on one play
+ Working across the formation as a personal protector, you see some impressive reps from Evans, where he cuts through the legs of the free rusher and brings him to the turf

– Still needs work on a lot of the finer details of the game, You see Evans overrun plays and not display the patience to set them up conceptually, allowing defenders to work over blocks because he doesn’t press holes and not altering his tempo
– Relies so heavily on his speed and certainly won’t be able to just run around people as frequently at the pro level
– Freshman Quinshon Judkins took on more of the carries for Ole Miss (289 vs. 156 touches) and handled the third-down role more regularly for this team
– We basically have no evidence of Evans “winning” as a route-runner, with one touchdown on a wide-open wheel route off a gadget play and otherwise mostly swing routes, and with how many RPOs the Rebels ran, we have very little tape of him as a pass-protector in true dropback sets
– Fumbled five times on just 320 career touches, due to swinging the arm that holds the ball too far away from his body

In a class that to me has a pretty clear top-three (in defined order) and a bunch of names in that next tier, where it heavily depends on which flavor you’re looking for, I think Evans stands above the rest. Other than Bijan, he’s about as talented as anybody at the position, with things you simply can’t teach. The violence and contact balance he runs with are pretty insane, launching himself through tacklers from all directions unlike really any backs around the 200-pound mark. Ball-security and exact deployment in the pass game are question marks, but Evans is instant electricity when he touches the ball and he’s a more mature decision-maker inside the trenches than he gets credit for.


5. Devon Achane, Texas A&M

5’9”, 185 pounds; JR

A four-star recruit in 2020, Achane showcased his explosive skill-set right away in a limited capacity with the Aggies, averaging 9.6 yards and scoring five touchdowns on 48 touches, Over the last two years, he became more of a featured player, alongside Isaiah Spiller as a sophomore and then even more heavily last year, rushing 226 times for 2012 yards and catching 60 passes for 456 yards, with 21 combined touchdowns, Last season he was recognized as a first-team All-SEC running back AND all-purpose player.

+ Texas A&M ran quite a bit of invert veer and sweeps with a QB counter option, because Achane’s speed to beat flat-footed edge defenders and stack linebackers towards the sideline was such an asset
+ Yet, his ability to stop his feet and then re-accelerate to beat defenders to the spot is incredible, Like you think somebody’s about to get him all the way and they just don’t
+ Has the shiftiness to have his feet pointed to the outside and slide inside of blockers/tacklers as he sees that lane opening up all of a sudden
+ Those lateral hops and ability to alter his running lanes without dramatic movement are very effective, as well as those little one-step stutter steps to give blockers that extra split-second
+ Can turn his upper body and reduce his surface area for defenders to grab as he’s working across the line of scrimmage, getting really skinny through the hole
+ Already does a nice job of forcing linebackers to wait on the backside with subtle hesitation and then attacking the front-side
+ Looking at guys with Achane’s level of speed, they usually tend to rely on it in a way where they try to beat guys down the sideline constantly, but he will cut inside of defenders with outside leverage, even though he knows a hit from one of the guys in pursuit is coming
+ Was a highly productive rusher this past season, despite running (somewhat surprisingly) behind one of the worse O-lines in college, where there was traffic in the backfield quite regularly

+ Officially the fastest RB in the class with a 4.32 in the 40, but I didn’t actually need a number to know that anyway
+ You frequently see safeties spin around and have to sprint after him, once they realize the angle they chose working down from depth won’t cut it
+ Once he gets rolling, he can bounce off guys trying to dive at his legs, and somehow finds ways to get his feet back onto the ground, He’ll get his burned turned momentarily but still not get off track a whole lot
+ Looks like he greased up at times with the way he squirts through creases between the defenders and you just see guys slipping off him
+ And he makes some of the sharpest cuts of anybody in this class, without ever slipping it feels like
+ Forced 53 missed tackles on 173 attempts through his first two seasons with the Aggies and earned PFF rushing grades over 90.0 in each of those, while getting to 53 this past year on 196 carries

+ With his skills in space, Achane is a legit threat if you get the ball to him on routes towards the flats and in the screen game
+ You can use that speed vertically as well though, blowing by linebackers on streak/wheel routes in man-coverage or splitting the safeties as they widen in cover-two, He beat Alabama’s Christian Harris (third-round pick by the Texans) for a big play on one of those in 2021
+ Attacks through the inside half of the man in pass-pro and at least forces those guys to take the long route
+ There are so many backs his size that cheat effort in pass-pro, while Achane does give up his body and get in front of charging blitzers
+ He has a few nice cut-blocks against mugged-up A-gap blitzers on tape

– On the very small end of the spectrum with short arms (29 inches) and small hands (8 ½-inches), and he doesn’t appear like he’ll be able to add a lot to his frame
– Doesn’t really have the pure strength to drive through bodies and churn out those tough yards, while being twisted to the ground quite regularly
– When the play is dead, I’d like for him to just run into the backs of his linemen and maybe get a yard, rather than stutter in the backfield and lose a couple
– Achane doesn’t really snatch up blitzers and control pass-pro reps, rather than just doing enough to not get quarterback killed for a couple of seconds at least – was responsible for nine pressures
– He officially “only” had three drops last year, but his catch radius is limited and he tends to cradle the ball instead of catching it away from his body – had a couple of passes go off his hands, where he had to reach out in front of him

Similar to what I mentioned with Alabama’s Jahmyr Gibbs, there’s a certain path you should take in order to maximize Achane’s skill-set. The difference between the two is that the latter doesn’t have quite as natural hands and will play at 10-15 pounds less. So I don’t see him ever being a legit RB1 in the NFL. However, while I thought he still had more of a track body in '21 and that was also his play style to some degree, with a ton of one-read runs from shotgun, I think his micro-movements and ability to make most of run schemes has really improved, and not many guys will ever run away from SEC defense as consistently as we’ve seen him do. To me he’s somebody who can deliver real splash with touches in the early teens, but we don’t see many backs at his size be major contributors in the pros typically.


6. Tyjae Spears, Tulane

5’10”, 190 pounds; RS JR

A three-star recruit in 2019, Spears saw very limited action in four games as a true freshman and then ended his upcoming season with an injury three games in. In his first full year (12 games) he just cracked 1000 scrimmage yards along with nine touchdowns. Then in Tulane’s Cinderella 12-2 season in 2022, he exploded for over 1800 total yards and 21 TDs, earning himself the title of AAC Offensive Player of the Year and carrying them to a huge moment in the program’s history, in their Cotton Bowl win over USC.

+ Was the driving force of Tulane’s miracle '22 season, when he nearly had as many scrimmage yards as the next three players on the team combined
+ Has that instant acceleration to shoot through holes and beat defenses around the corner for big plays routinely
+ Effectively curves off either foot accelerate through curvilinear movement, At times you’ll see him aim to the outside, bend underneath a block on the edge without turning his body and after a couple of steps go wide again
+ Despite being labelled undersized, Spears incredible balance allows him to wiggle out of tackles and stumble back onto his feet
+ You see him just give that little shimmy and have linebackers reaching for air as he works around them near the line of scrimmage and not lose any speed
+ Packs this gliding jump-cut almost, where he aims downhill and doesn’t actually pause, but seemingly just turns his body to get out to the edge, Yet he can also stick the inside foot in the ground and open the other toe 90 degrees to bounce out there

+ Has game-breaking acceleration to get around the corner and then the break-away speed to finish off LONG runs
+ Almost floats sideways as he’s navigating around defenders in open space without losing much speed
+ Yet he can also pull his shoulder away and cut off one foot outside his frame to make those more dramatic moves to win in one-on-one situations
+ His dead-leg move is as good as you’re ever going to see from a college back, and he doesn’t need to have his feet aligned perfectly to make different cuts and pulls his feet out of the trash constantly, as defenders try to trip him up
+ Regularly launches or pulls himself forward and reaches the ball out to maximize yardage gained
+ And he breaks way more tackles than you’d think, as guys slip off him and he keeps himself alive constantly, leading to an insane average of 4.55 yards after contact (1052 total)
+ Put on a show against USC in the Cotton Bowl, rushing for 205 yards and four touchdowns on 17 carries, en route to a huge win for that program in a phenomenal season for them

+ At Tulane, it was a lot of swings and streak routes, but watching Spears at the Senior Bowl, you saw that quick-twitch and ankle flexibility translate to crossing up linebackers one-on-one on angle and option routes
+ You saw the Green Wave line up Spears out wide and in diamond sets, so they could put the ball in his hands on slip screens, or hit him on swing screens off motion, to take advantage of his dynamic ability in space
+ Does well to identify the biggest threat as a personal protector on pass plays
+ Despite giving up 30-40 pounds on most linebackers, Spears doesn’t mind launching his body into those guys when used as a lead-blocker for his quarterback or even kicking out edge defenders in split-back sets

– Tends to overrun pullers at times, when he should “hide” behind their inside shoulder, to create an angle to ultimately slice underneath the block
– Does rely heavily on his speed to bounce runs designed to hit inside or try to beat back-seven defenders towards the sideline, who aren’t properly leveraged outside – which he was able to in college
– Spears isn’t really going to churn out those tough yards in traffic and push the pile forward
– You’ll see him bang into bigger bodies in pass-pro, but Spears doesn’t have the strength to actually sustain those blocks, That’s why he was largely subbed off in obvious passing situations
– Wasn’t ask to run any type of intricate route tree at Tulane
– Suffered two torn ACLs already heading into the NFL

When you talk about highlight reels, it feels like you come back to Bijan at the top all the time, but you can argue Spears is the most fun back to watch in this entire class. He has cat-like quickness, sick open-field moves and legit homerun speed, but he runs hard and breaks way more tackle than you’d anticipate from a guy who probably played around the 190-pound range at Tulane. He’ll need to become a more disciplined runner between the tackles and continue to prove he can be a real matchup piece in the pass game as he did at the Senior Bowl to some degree, but it was encouraging to see him have the same kind of juice and make some of the better players in the country look foolish after weighing in just above 200s.


7. Sean Tucker, Syracuse

5’10”, 210 pounds; RS SO

Just inside the top-1000 overall recruits in 2020, after some good production his first year with the Orange, Tucker turned himself into a first-team All-ACC and second-team All-American player as a full-time starter, recording 1751 scrimmage yards and 14 touchdowns on 266 touches, averaging 6.6 yards per. He also broke the team’s single-season rushing record along the way (1496), which is highly impressive considering the RB bloodlines for that school. In '22, he averaged one yard less per carry (5.1) on similar workload, but did still reach the end-zone 13 times and more than doubled his career receptions with 36.

+ Bings some serious track background, where he focused more and more on short-distance and you see that explosiveness show up on his tape, Yet he maintains great balance and doesn’t get too far over his skis
+ Displays natural tempo in a zone run scheme, where he can stick his foot in the ground and shoot through lanes, but he also understands how to press creases on more vertical concepts and stay square, in order to force linebackers to the wrong side of blocks
+ Quick to transfer information from his head to his feet, as he spots defensive penetration and dips underneath quickly
+ Does well to plant his base with parallel feet, open up the hips and allow himself to bounce outside, There’s a lot of turning of his body and manipulating defenders with his body-language, as he’s trying to take the optimal running path
+ However, what I really appreciate about Tucker is how efficient a runner he is before he gets to the second level, where he obviously has the speed to rip off big plays, You don’t see him dance behind the line or stop his feet much

+ Tucker’s ability to build up momentum and bounce off defenders is on display regularly
+ He uses his off-arm well to swipe down the reach of would-be-tacklers and allows himself to get around the corner by straight-arming at the facemask of edge defenders
+ Has outstanding balance to stay on his feet, Even when they are barely on the ground anymore, as he’s being pulled down, yet Tucker keeps churning them
+ You regularly see him blow through arm tackles as if they’re turnstiles and plenty of tacklers bounce off his large quads
+ Will contort his body a little bit and use curvilinear movement to get through that second level, with defenders trying to converge on him

+ Was more involved as a receiver in '22, And while it was largely swing and flat routes, just allowing him to catch the ball on the move and being able to use his speed is a recipe for success, where he didn’t seem to fight the catch point at all
+ De doesn’t seem to fight the ball, even though he may allow it to get further into his body, and he doesn’t waste any time to get upfield
+ Just ran by a couple of linebackers on wheel routes this past season
+ Isn’t going to wow you with dramatic moves in the open field necessarily, but what he’s really good at – and you see this at times when he bounces runs out to the edge as well – is pointing the toe fully, as he’s widening and working around defenders after catching the ball underneath, in order to beat to beat them to the sideline with his speed
+ Syracuse also got him involved in the screen game to some degree, where if you give him a crease with blockers out in front, it becomes very dangerous for the opposition

– Playing behind a lesser offensive line in '22, Tucker showed some impatience and lack of a plan to set up his rushing lanes, while trying to do too much by himself at times
– As fast as he may be, Tucker should try to get downhill at times and take that one-on-one with the safety, rather than trying to outrace linebackers engaged with a blocker and running towards their leverage, And in the open field also largely relies on his speed, rather than showing the ability to make people miss and set up a series of moves
– Considering how much he’s been on the field for the Orange, Tucker’s 28 receptions combined between 2020 and ’21 is pretty underwhelming, They didn’t ask him to go vertical other than a couple of times last year, or run any type of option routes for them
– Dropped five of 42 catchable targets this past season
– At this point isn’t much of an asset as a pass-protector, not showing much of an awareness to scan the pressure and beat rushers to the spot

The rest of the analysis can be found here!


8. Eric Gray, Oklahoma

5’9”, 205 pounds; SR


9. Roschon Johnson, Texas

6’2”, 225 pounds; SR


10. Tank Bigsby, Auburn

6’0”, 210 pounds; JR

Just missed the cut:


Kendre Miller, TCU & Israel Abanikanda, Pittsburgh

The next names up:

Mohamed Ibrahim (Minnesota), Chase Brown (Illinois), Kenny McIntosh (Georgia), Deuce Vaughn (K-State) & Jordan Mims (Fresno State)

If you enjoyed this breakdown, please consider checking out the original piece and feel free to check out all my other video content here!

Twitter: @ halilsfbtalk Instagram: @ halilsrealfootballtalk
submitted by hallach_halil to NFL_Draft [link] [comments]

2023.03.13 22:47 dcfb2360 A detailed look at how the Ravens scout (backgrounds, experience etc):

Like everyone here, I’ve always wondered what was up with Bmore’s consistent inability to draft WRs. It’s why I also wrote all the popular FA wr analysis posts. They kill it almost every year in the draft but WR has always been a failure. I’ve always said they need to prioritize getting the best WR scouts they can cuz seemingly every other team is able to find good WRs even in later rounds. So I did the research on who the scouts are and what their backgrounds are. Here’s what I found:

DAVID BLACKBURN, director of college scouting

Academic: DePauw University, economics & history minor (2004)
Football playing experience:

ANDREW RAPHAEL, national scout

After joining the Ravens in 2013, Raphael handled a host of projects within the personnel department, such as evaluating practice squad players, organizing local college workouts, and assessing free agent prospects. He has also assisted with many aspects of the draft process, including helping coordinate the team’s 30 pre-draft visits, communicating the Ravens’ selection to the league representative during the draft and helping assistant director of player personnel Mark Azevedo with the post-draft free agency signing process.
Academic: University of Miami, Communication & sports administration
Football playing experience: None that I could find
Here’s a good longer interview he did about his scouting experience: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5ONAfYQ948


Academic: Davidson College, psychology (2013) Attenoukon played wide receiver and ran track & field at Davidson College, earning a psychology degree in 2013. He was also honored as a Presidential Scholar (2009-13). Attended The Gilman School in Baltimore, where he excelled in football, basketball and track & field
Football playing experience:

BRANDON BERNING, midwest/southwest area scout

Academic: Wisconsin-La Crosse. Master’s in educational leadership with a focus on athletic administration.
Football playing experience: Football and basketball at Dodgeville (WI) HS, where he still lives

JOEY CLEARY, southeast area scout

Academic: Bowdoin College, history (2014)
Football playing experience:

COREY FRAZIER, west coast area scout

(Jordan Lasley picked in 2018 rd5 from UCLA)
Academic: Rice University, economics (2013)
Football playing experience: Played safety at Rice, was a two-time Dave Campbell AllTexas selection. Went to Rice with Kubiak’s son Klein. Attended Eden Prairie (MN) HS and was an All-State selection in 2008, his team won the Minnesota High School State Championship in 2007.
Other: His dad is Leslie Frazier, the Bills' defensive coordinatoassistant head coach, who was also a former Ravens secondary coach

PATRICK MCDONOUGH, northeast area scout

Academic: Notre Dame, finance (2016). Was a recruiting assistant for Notre Dame’s football program, initially gained experience in the Ravens' scouting department during the summer of 2014 while he was in college
Football playing experience: none

CHAS STALLARD, southwest area scout

Academic: Central Oklahoma, marketing (cum laude 2016), MBA Central Oklahoma (2020)
Football playing experience: He was named Central Oklahoma's Male Athlete of the Year and honored with the Athletics Presidential Award (2017). As a quarterback, Stallard finished his Bronchos’ career with school records in career and season passing yards, career and season TD passes, career and season total yards and career and season total TDs. Following graduation, he stayed at his alma mater as a graduate assistant coach, primarily working with the DBs. Chas was named class valedictorian at Cleveland (OK) HS, where he also was an All-Metro performer in football, but also excelled in baseball, basketball and track & field

BOBBY VEGA, east area scout

The College of Wooster, communications (2005)
Football playing experience:
Was a four-year starter at The College of Wooster, originally as a running back, but then switched to linebacker for his final three seasons.

KEVIN WEIDL, southeast/midwest area scout

Indiana University of Pittsburgh, communications and business administration minor
Football playing experience:
Was a 3-year starter (2004- 06) at quarterback at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, where he held a 26-6 record. Finished his career ranked third in school history in passing TDs (50), fifth in passing yards (5,594) and fourth in passer rating (131.26).
Older brother, Andy, worked as a scout with the Ravens from 2005-16 and is now the assistant general manager of the Pittsburgh Steelers. Younger brother, Casey, is a scouting coordinator with the Steelers. Grew up in Pittsburgh and attended Mt. Lebanon (Pittsburgh, PA) HS. Resides in Charlotte, NC.

What common traits/experience do the current scouts have?

How much NFL experience do the current scouts have?

The average is 9.1 years of experience. The average however is inflated by David Blackburn and Bobby Vega (east coast scout) as the outliers with 16 and 18 years, when you factor those 2 out the average is a consistent 7.1 years. 6 of the 10 scouts have between 6-8 years of experience, which seems to reflect the Ravens’ preference to promote internally (which is why you don’t see as many people with 20+ years of experience with the team).

How much experience do they have as scouts?

Pretty much all of the current scouts started as some kind of assistant then got promoted to scout. The average is 7.9 years of scouting experience. Based on the previous average of 9.1 years of NFL experience, there’s a general pattern of about 1 year with the Ravens as some kind of personnel assistant before getting promoted to scout. Here’s a breakdown of how much scouting experience each of them has:

How many of them have experience playing football?

7 of the 10 played in college.

Do any of the scouts have experience playing or scouting WRs?

While 7 of the 10 scouts played in college, only Attenoukon played WR in college. Joey Cleary played WR in high school. Corey Frazier spent a year at Rice doing “quality control” with WRs. Wallace & Hollywood were drafted from Kevin Weidl’s region in 2021 but idk how much impact he had in drafting them, most NFL teams draft heavily from Weidl’s southeast and midwest areas.

Of the scouts that played football in college, what positions did they play?

Not surprisingly, 4 of the 7 scouts that played in college were on defense and only 1 was a WR. Surprisingly, none were TEs.

So what are your final thoughts on the current Ravens scouts?

Not surprising that the Ravens have such a strong pattern of promoting scouts from within. There’s no real concerns of scouts being grossly under qualified or inexperienced, but I do think a team with 30 years of being terrible at drafting WRs needs to change how they scout them. Why not have a dedicated WR scout/specialist that works with the others to really evaluate the WR prospects? I don’t think you need scouts for every single position, but when you’re the Ravens I think you’d be dumb to not make changes to how you scout WRs. Whatever they’ve been doing hasn’t worked, no one has that much consistent bad luck at a position. No one also gets consistently lucky either, there's probably things they look for or do that we don't. Bmore wouldn’t always have a need for WRs if they could hit on them in the draft, it’s why positions like TE aren’t a glaring need all the time like WR is, cuz we can draft and develop TEs. They also wouldn’t need to pay FA WRs if they were able to consistently hit on WRs in the draft. What we tend to see is they don’t want to trade for legit WRs (ie take away from the defense), don’t want to spend on FAs, and don’t want to use high draft picks on WR, so you have this cycle of wasted late round picks on WRs but a never-ending need for WR.
I think it would be a good idea to get an outside hire that’s had proven success at scouting WRs, bring them in as a WR specialist scout and have him teach this team how to do it. Use that to build a future of draft success at WR like Ozzie did with drafting in general. Kidnap whoever scouts WRs for the Steelers, idk. This team is worth a billion dollars, figure out who the best WR scouts are and aggressively pursue them and get them to come here with lifetime tendies and Old Bay. I think they need an outside perspective on WR scouting like they needed with OC, getting Monken to modernize the offense was a smart move and they need to do the same with WR scouting. Smart teams know their weaknesses and make changes as needed. I’d love to see how other teams scout WRs to see what they do differently; scouting in general isn’t a problem for Bmore cuz they always draft well, but when you consistently fail at WR I do think they need a scout/specialist dedicated specifically to WR that collaborates with the other regional scouts to really narrow down which ones are good. It would also help attract FAs to show that we do actually value WR and seeing drafted WRs succeed here would help prevent the problem in the future.
I don't totally have an answer for WR, but I think some changes should be made to how they scout them, it would help the offense tremendously, and this post is intended primarily to evaluate who the current scouts are and give an overview as to their experience and qualifications. Hopefully y'all find it interesting and I didn't totally waste my time lol.
submitted by dcfb2360 to ravens [link] [comments]